Does multifaceted nutritional education improve malnutrition management?

Reber, Emilie; Messmer Ivanova, Anna; Cadisch, Patricia; Stirnimann, Jessica; Perrig, Martin; Roten, Christine; Stanga, Zeno (2020). Does multifaceted nutritional education improve malnutrition management? Nutrition, 78(110810), p. 110810. Elsevier 10.1016/j.nut.2020.110810

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OBJECTIVES

Malnutrition is a challenging issue in hospitals, but mostly reversible. However, despite being associated with increased morbidity and mortality risk, malnutrition is hardly recognized and treated. There is a strong need to raise awareness of treating residents to improve patients' nutritional management. This study aimed to investigate the impact of an educational intervention on residents' nutritional knowledge, perception, and prescribed nutritional therapies.

METHODS

This prospective intervention study was conducted at the Department of General Internal Medicine of the Bern University Hospital. Nutritional risk was evaluated in consecutive patients admitted to the wards using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 and the number of prescribed nutritional therapies were assessed. The educational intervention included an interactive case discussion headed by nutritional medicine consultants. A pocket card with basic nutritional information was handed out. Each resident's nutritional knowledge was checked with a multiple choice test before the intervention, immediately after, and after 2 months.

RESULTS

In total, 609 patients were included (121 preintervention, 161 postintervention phase I, 327 postintervention phase II). Overall prevalence of malnutrition was 35%. The percentage of prescribed nutritional therapies was 36%. There was no significant difference between the phases (46% preintervention, 52% postintervention phase I, 27% postintervention phase II) or between the test results (mean percentage of correct answers 61 ± 15%; 57 ± 12%, and 60 ± 10%).

CONCLUSIONS

The multimodal intervention failed to achieve both objectives, as neither residents' knowledge and awareness nor the number of prescribed therapies could be increased. Nutritional risk remains highly prevalent; thus, innovative and more effective teaching strategies are needed to increase knowledge, abilities, and skills to fight malnutrition.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine > Centre of Competence for General Internal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Reber, Emilie; Stirnimann, Jessica; Perrig, Martin; Roten, Christine and Stanga-Nodari, Zeno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0899-9007

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Baumgartner

Date Deposited:

06 Jul 2020 13:20

Last Modified:

22 Sep 2020 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.nut.2020.110810

PubMed ID:

32544848

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Education Malnutrition Nutritional management

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.144922

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/144922

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