The Rare IL22RA2 Signal Peptide Coding Variant rs28385692 Decreases Secretion of IL-22BP Isoform-1, -2 and -3 and Is Associated with Risk for Multiple Sclerosis.

Gómez-Fernández, Paloma; Lopez de Lapuente Portilla, Aitzkoa; Astobiza, Ianire; Mena, Jorge; Urtasun, Andoni; Altmann, Vivian; Matesanz, Fuencisla; Otaegui, David; Urcelay, Elena; Antigüedad, Alfredo; Malhotra, Sunny; Montalban, Xavier; Castillo-Triviño, Tamara; Espino-Paisán, Laura; Aktas, Orhan; Buttmann, Mathias; Chan, Andrew; Fontaine, Bertrand; Gourraud, Pierre-Antoine; Hecker, Michael; ... (2020). The Rare IL22RA2 Signal Peptide Coding Variant rs28385692 Decreases Secretion of IL-22BP Isoform-1, -2 and -3 and Is Associated with Risk for Multiple Sclerosis. Cells, 9(1) MDPI 10.3390/cells9010175

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The IL22RA2 locus is associated with risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) but causative variants are yet to be determined. In a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) screen of this locus in a Basque population, rs28385692, a rare coding variant substituting Leu for Pro at position 16 emerged significantly (p = 0.02). This variant is located in the signal peptide (SP) shared by the three secreted protein isoforms produced by IL22RA2 (IL-22 binding protein-1(IL-22BPi1), IL-22BPi2 and IL-22BPi3). Genotyping was extended to a Europe-wide case-control dataset and yielded high significance in the full dataset (p = 3.17 × 10-4). Importantly, logistic regression analyses conditioning on the main known MS-associated SNP at this locus, rs17066096, revealed that this association was independent from the primary association signal in the full case-control dataset. In silico analysis predicted both disruption of the alpha helix of the H-region of the SP and decreased hydrophobicity of this region, ultimately affecting the SP cleavage site. We tested the effect of the p.Leu16Pro variant on the secretion of IL-22BPi1, IL-22BPi2 and IL-22BPi3 and observed that the Pro16 risk allele significantly lowers secretion levels of each of the isoforms to around 50%-60% in comparison to the Leu16 reference allele. Thus, our study suggests that genetically coded decreased levels of IL-22BP isoforms are associated with augmented risk for MS.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Chan, Andrew Hao-Kuang

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2073-4409

Publisher:

MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Chantal Kottler

Date Deposited:

06 Jul 2020 17:16

Last Modified:

09 Aug 2020 18:36

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/cells9010175

PubMed ID:

31936765

Uncontrolled Keywords:

IL-22 binding protein isoform IL22RA2 autoimmune multiple sclerosis mutation signal peptide

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.145004

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/145004

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