Tumor Treating Fields - behind and beyond inhibiting the cancer cell cycle.

Kissling, Cédric; Di Santo, Stefano (2020). Tumor Treating Fields - behind and beyond inhibiting the cancer cell cycle. CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets, 19(8), pp. 599-610. Bentham Science Publishers 10.2174/1871527319666200702144749

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The unmet need for a safe treatment that significantly improves the overall survival as well as the quality of life of patients with brain tumors has urged researchers to work out new treatment modalities. About 15 years ago it was shown that alternating electric fields significantly impair the growth of cancer cells. Recently, this potentially revolutionary approach called Tumor Treating Fields (TTFs) has been FDA-approved for treatment of glioblastoma as well as mesothelioma. However, despite the promising reports on the potential of TTFs the precise knowledge of the mechanisms of action is still lacking. The purpose of this review is thus to present the current state of research and to highlight the variety of ultrastructural effects of TTFs. Moreover, we aim to bring to the foreground less discussed mechanisms of action of TTFs which might develop into novel therapeutic approaches. Therefore, a systematic literature search in Ovid Medline and Embase was performed on clinical and preclinical data concerning TTFs. The alternating electric fields force cellular components to aberrant dynamics among which the most evident is the inhibition of the mitotic spindle assembly leading in impaired cancer cell division and cell death. However, a variety of other microstructural events induced by TTFs such as an inhibition of DNA repair and cell migration as well as an enhancement of anti-tumor immune response and membrane permeability have been reported. In addition, apart from a suggested interference with angiogenesis, no TTF-induced effects on normal cells have been described so far.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurosurgery

UniBE Contributor:

Di Santo, Stefano

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1871-5273

Publisher:

Bentham Science Publishers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nicole Söll

Date Deposited:

07 Jul 2020 16:22

Last Modified:

06 Jan 2021 01:31

Publisher DOI:

10.2174/1871527319666200702144749

PubMed ID:

32614759

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Brain Neoplasms Cancer Treatment Cell Cycle Central Nervous System TTF Tumor Treating Fields

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/145035

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