Troubles in Tuva: demographic patterns of interpersonal violence in a Late Antique nomadic community from Southern Siberia (2nd-4th c. AD)

Milella, Marco; Caspari, Gino; Kapinus, Yulija; Blochin, Jegor; Sadykov, Timur; Lösch, Sandra (15 April 2020). Troubles in Tuva: demographic patterns of interpersonal violence in a Late Antique nomadic community from Southern Siberia (2nd-4th c. AD) (Unpublished). In: 89th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Los Angeles.

Since the emergence of nomadic pastoralism in Eastern Eurasia, warfare became a cultural char-acteristic of steppe nomads – not only directed towards sedentary cultures, but also among different nomadic tribes. Few bioarchaeological data are available for this contexts dating to Late Antiquity, hampering a discussion of the type of violence characterizing these societies.Here we present a study of skeletal trauma in Late Antique skeletal sample from Tunnug 1 (Tuva, Siberia – 2nd-4th c. AD), and address following research questions: a) which type of trauma are present? b) which demographic distribution char-acterizes the observed evidence?The skeletal injuries were macroscopically diag-nosed according to forensic criteria. Differences among sexes and age classes in frequency and type of trauma were tested by means of generalized linear models. The sample includes 78 individuals of both sexes and different age classes (44 adults, 34 subadults, 22 males and 10 females).17 individuals (21%) show perimortem trauma, mostly represented by sharp-force trauma and in 14 cases suggesting multiple strikes. In 6 cases cutmarks at the level of the cervical vertebrae point to the slicing of the throat. No significant association was found between sex, biological age, and presence or and type of injuries.Our results indicate a remarkable amount of violence experienced by this population, especially through raids. Also, they suggest that overkill and executions were relevant components of aggres-sive behaviors among Late Antique steppe nomads.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences > Near Eastern Archaeology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Anthropology

UniBE Contributor:

Milella, Marco; Caspari, Gino Ramon and Lösch, Sandra

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)
900 History > 950 History of Asia

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sandra Lösch

Date Deposited:

16 Jul 2020 09:09

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2021 10:19

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/145209

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