An Examination of Psychomotor Disturbance in Current and Remitted MDD: An RDoC Study.

Shankman, Stewart A; Mittal, Vijay A; Walther, Sebastian (2020). An Examination of Psychomotor Disturbance in Current and Remitted MDD: An RDoC Study. Journal of psychiatry and brain science, 5 Hapres 10.20900/jpbs.20200007

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Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a serious public health problem that has, at best, modest treatment response-potentially due to its heterogeneous clinical presentation. One way to parse the heterogeneity is to investigate the role of particular features of MDD, an endeavor that can also help identify novel and focal targets for treatment and prevention efforts. Our R01 focuses on the feature of psychomotor disturbance (e.g., psychomotor agitation (PmA) and retardation (PmR)), a particularly pernicious feature of MDD, that has not been examined extensively in MDD. Aim 1 is comparing three groups of individuals-those with current MDD (n = 100), remitted MDD (n = 100), and controls (n = 50)-on multiple measures of PmR and PmA (assessed both in the lab and in the subjects' natural environment). Aim 2 is examining the structural (diffusion MRI) and functional (resting state fMRI) connectivity of motor circuitry of the three groups as well as the relation between motor circuitry and the proposed indicators of PmR and PmA. Aim 3 is following up with subjects three times over 18 months to evaluate whether motor symptoms change in tandem with overall depressive symptoms and functioning over time and/or whether baseline PmR/PmA predicts course of depression and functioning. Aim 3 is particularly clinically significant. Finding that motor functioning and overall depression severity co-vary over time, or that motor variables predict subsequent change in overall depression severity, would support the potential clinical utility of these novel, reliable, and easily administered motor assessments.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center

UniBE Contributor:

Walther, Sebastian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2398-385X

Publisher:

Hapres

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sebastian Walther

Date Deposited:

16 Jul 2020 08:11

Last Modified:

26 Jul 2020 17:31

Publisher DOI:

10.20900/jpbs.20200007

PubMed ID:

32467859

Uncontrolled Keywords:

major depressive disorder psychomotor agitation psychomotor retardation remitted depression

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.145223

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/145223

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