Ticagrelor alone or conventional dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with stable or acute coronary syndromes.

Franzone, Anna; McFadden, Eugène P; Leonardi, Sergio; Piccolo, Raffaele; Vranckx, Pascal; Serruys, Patrick W; Hamm, Christian; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Heg, Dik; Branca, Mattia; Jüni, Peter; Windecker, Stephan; Valgimigli, Marco (2020). Ticagrelor alone or conventional dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with stable or acute coronary syndromes. EuroIntervention, 16(8), pp. 627-633. Europa Digital & Publishing 10.4244/EIJ-D-20-00145

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AIMS

To investigate the effect of ticagrelor monotherapy after 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) or conventional DAPT in patients with or without acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the GLOBAL LEADERS Adjudication Sub-Study (GLASSY).

METHODS AND RESULTS

Risk estimates were expressed as rate ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). A total of3,840 ACS and 3,745 SIHD (stable ischemic heart disease) patients were included. At 2-year, rates of co-primary efficacy endpoint, composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke or urgent target-vessel revascularization, were 7.94% in the experimental and 9.68% in the control group (RR, 0.82, 95% CI, 0.66-1.01) among ACS and 6.31% in the experimental and 7.14% in the control group (RR, 0.89, 95% CI, 0.69-1.13) among SIHD patients (Pint= 0.63). Trends for lower and higher risk of BARC 3 or 5 bleeding with the experimental strategy in ACS (2.27% vs. 3.00%, RR, 0.76, 95% CI, 0.51-1.12) and SIHD (2.70% vs. 1.96%, RR, 1.39, 95% CI, 0.91-2.12) patients, respectively, were observed with significant interaction testing (Pint=0.039). A net clinical benefit endpoint, composite of both co-primary study endpoints, favored the experimental treatment among ACS patients only.

CONCLUSIONS

Ticagrelor monotherapy after 1-month DAPT provided consistent treatment effects on ischemic endpoints in patients with or without ACS but only the former experienced a net clinical benefit. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT03231059.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern

UniBE Contributor:

Heg, Dierik Hans; Branca, Mattia; Windecker, Stephan and Valgimigli, Marco

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1774-024X

Publisher:

Europa Digital & Publishing

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

27 Jul 2020 17:16

Last Modified:

20 Nov 2020 17:47

Publisher DOI:

10.4244/EIJ-D-20-00145

PubMed ID:

32482616

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.145408

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/145408

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