Long-term Outcomes of Cystectomy and Crossfolded Ileal Reservoir Combined with an Afferent Tubular Segment for Heterotopic Continent Urinary Diversion: A Longitudinal Single-centre Study.

Furrer, Marc A.; Kiss, Bernhard; Wüthrich, Patrick Y.; Thomas, Benjamin C.; Noser, Ladina; Studer, Urs E.; Burkhard, Fiona C. (2020). Long-term Outcomes of Cystectomy and Crossfolded Ileal Reservoir Combined with an Afferent Tubular Segment for Heterotopic Continent Urinary Diversion: A Longitudinal Single-centre Study. (In Press). European urology focus Elsevier 10.1016/j.euf.2020.06.009

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BACKGROUND

The crossfolded ileal reservoir combined with an afferent tubular isoperistaltic segment for heterotopic continent urinary diversion has been performed on a regular basis for over 20 years. Yet data on long-term-outcomes remain sparse.

OBJECTIVE

To report long-term functional and oncological outcomes, gastrointestinal and metabolic disturbances, urinary tract infections (UTIs), and quality of life.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS

Long-term functional and oncological outcomes of a consecutive series of 118 patients undergoing cystectomy and construction of a continent cutaneous crossfolded ileal reservoir from 2000 to 2018 were evaluated.

INTERVENTION

Patients underwent cystectomy and construction of a continent cutaneous crossfolded ileal reservoir according to the Studer technique for bladder reconstruction.

OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Pre- and postoperative data until last follow-up appointment were entered prospectively in the departmental database. Self-reported questionnaires regarding quality of life, patient satisfaction, and difficulty in catheterisation were sent to patients preoperatively; after 3, 6, 12, and 24 mo; and at last follow-up, and were then manually entered in the departmental database.

RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS

The median follow-up was 7.8 (interquartile range 3-12.7) yr. Patient satisfaction was high in 77.4% and moderate in 16.9%. Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate remained stable during follow-up. Of all patients, 81% (96/118) had at least one UTI during follow-up. Recurrent UTIs occurred in 67% (79/118) of patients. Urolithiasis was found in 12% (14/118), with 6% (7/118) having a single and 6% a recurrent event. Of all stone formers, 79% (11/14) had recurrent UTIs. In oncological patients, 12.5% (10/79) developed a local recurrence. Cancer-specific survival and overall survival were 90% and 88%, and 68% and 56% after 1 and 10 yr, respectively. A limitations is the retrospective analysis from prospectively assessed data.

CONCLUSIONS

A high satisfaction level, stability of kidney function, and low rates of urolithiasis in patients with a heterotopic continent ileal reservoir can be achieved, provided that close attention is paid to intra- and postoperative details. Regular lifelong follow-up is essential for timely detection and treatment of complications. Oncological outcome is not affected by the urinary diversion.

PATIENT SUMMARY

In patients with a continent cutaneous ileal reservoir, good quality of life and a high satisfaction rate are possible provided that patients adhere to regular lifelong follow-up.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Urology

UniBE Contributor:

Furrer, Marc; Kiss, Bernhard; Wüthrich, Patrick Yves; Studer, Urs and Burkhard, Fiona Christine

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2405-4569

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannine Wiemann

Date Deposited:

04 Aug 2020 09:05

Last Modified:

04 Aug 2020 09:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.euf.2020.06.009

PubMed ID:

32654968

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Complications Functional outcomes Heterotopic continent urinary diversion Surgical technique

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.145537

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/145537

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