A thermodynamic approach to surface modification of calcium phosphate implants by phosphate evaporation and condensation

Döbelin, Nicola; Maazouz, Yassine; Heuberger, Roman; Bohner, Marc; Armstrong, Ashley A.; Wagoner Johnson, Amy J.; Wanner, Christoph (2020). A thermodynamic approach to surface modification of calcium phosphate implants by phosphate evaporation and condensation. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 40(15), pp. 6095-6106. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2020.07.028

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It has been reported in the literature that thermal treatment of calcium phosphate ceramics chemically alters the surface composition by phosphate evaporation. To predict the compositional changes, we have developed a thermodynamic model for the evaporation of phosphorous species from CPP, TCP, HA, and TetCP. In an open atmosphere, the model predicts the formation of a surface layer consisting of a sequence of increasingly phosphate-depleted phases. In a closed system, the atmosphere reaches equilibrium with a single-phase surface layer. To verify our model, we performed a series of experiments which confirmed the predicted formation of phosphate-depleted surface layers. These experiments further demonstrated that controlled supersaturation of the atmosphere led to formation of a phosphate-enriched surface layer as a result of phosphate condensation. In conclusion, our thermodynamic model is capable of predicting the surface modification by phosphate evaporation and condensation of calcium phosphate phases during high-temperature processing in different environments.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Rock-Water Interaction

UniBE Contributor:

Wanner, Christoph

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0955-2219

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christoph Wanner

Date Deposited:

04 Aug 2020 11:19

Last Modified:

21 Mar 2021 08:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2020.07.028

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.145558

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/145558

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