Effect of genomic selection on rate of inbreeding and coancestry and effective population size of Holstein and Jersey cattle populations.

Makanjuola, Bayode O.; Miglior, Filippo; Abdalla, Emhimad A.; Maltecca, Christian; Schenkel, Flavio S.; Baes, Christine F. (2020). Effect of genomic selection on rate of inbreeding and coancestry and effective population size of Holstein and Jersey cattle populations. Journal of dairy science, 103(6), pp. 5183-5199. American Dairy Science Association 10.3168/jds.2019-18013

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Genetic diversity in livestock populations is a significant contributor to the sustainability of animal production. Also, genetic diversity allows animal production to become more responsive to environmental changes and market demands. The loss of genetic diversity can result in a plateau in production and may also result in loss of fitness or viability in animal production. In this study, we investigated the rate of inbreeding (ΔF), rate of coancestry (Δf), and effective population size (Ne) as important quantitative indicators of genetic diversity and evaluated the effect of the recent implementation of genomic selection on the loss of genetic diversity in North American Holstein and Jersey dairy cattle. To estimate the rate of inbreeding and coancestry, inbreeding and coancestry coefficients were calculated using the traditional pedigree method and genomic methods estimated from segment- and marker-based approaches. Furthermore, we estimated Ne from the rate of inbreeding and coancestry and extent of linkage disequilibrium. A total of 205,755 and 89,238 pedigreed and genotyped animals born between 1990 and 2018 inclusively were available for Holsteins and Jerseys, respectively. The estimated average pedigree inbreeding coefficients were 7.74 and 7.20% for Holsteins and Jerseys, respectively. The corresponding values for the segment and marker-by-marker genomic inbreeding coefficients were 13.61, 15.64, and 31.40% for Holsteins and 21.16, 22.54, and 42.62% for Jerseys, respectively. The average coancestry coefficients were 8.33 and 15.84% for Holsteins and 9.23 and 23.46% for Jerseys with pedigree and genomic measures, respectively. Generation interval for the whole 29-yr time period averaged approximately 5 yr for all selection pathways combined. The ΔF per generation based on pedigree, segment, and marker-by-marker genomic measures for the entire 29-yr period was estimated to be 0.75, 1.10, 1.16, and 1.02% for Holstein animals and 0.67, 0.62, 0.63, and 0.59% for Jersey animals, respectively. The Δf was estimated to be 0.98 and 0.98% for Holsteins and 0.73 and 0.78% for Jerseys with pedigree and genomic measures, respectively. These ΔF and Δf translated to an Ne that ranged from 43 to 66 animals for Holsteins and 64 to 85 animals for Jerseys. In addition, the Ne based on linkage disequilibrium was 58 and 120 for Holsteins and Jerseys, respectively. The 10-yr period that involved the application of genomic selection resulted in an increased ΔF per generation with ranges from 1.19 to 2.06% for pedigree and genomic measures in Holsteins. Given the rate at which inbreeding is increasing after the implementation of genomic selection, there is a need to implement measures and means for controlling the rate of inbreeding per year, which will help to manage and maintain farm animal genetic resources.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics

UniBE Contributor:

Baes, Christine Francoise

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0022-0302

Publisher:

American Dairy Science Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Francoise Baes

Date Deposited:

05 Aug 2020 08:03

Last Modified:

13 Mar 2021 12:50

Publisher DOI:

10.3168/jds.2019-18013

PubMed ID:

32278553

Uncontrolled Keywords:

dairy cattle effective population size genetic diversity rate of inbreeding

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.145571

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/145571

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