Dispersion relations for hadronic light-by-light and the muon g − 2

Procura, Massimiliano; Colangelo, Gilberto; Hoferichter, Martin; Stoffer, Peter (27 April 2020). Dispersion relations for hadronic light-by-light and the muon g − 2. EPJ Web of Conferences, 234, 01013. 10.1051/epjconf/202023401013

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The largest uncertainties in the Standard Model calculation of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (g − 2)μ come from hadronic effects, namely hadronic vacuum polarization (HVP) and hadronic light- by-light (HLbL) contributions. Especially the latter is emerging as a potential roadblock for a more accurate determination of (g − 2)μ. The main focus here is on a novel dispersive description of the HLbL tensor, which is based on unitarity, analyticity, crossing symmetry, and gauge invariance. This opens up the possibility of a data-driven determination of the HLbL contribution to (g − 2)μ with the aim of reducing model dependence and achieving a reliable error estimate.
Our dispersive approach defines unambiguously the pion-pole and the pion-box contribution to the HLbL tensor. Using Mandelstam double-spectral representation, we have proven that the pion-box contribution coincides exactly with the one-loop scalar-QED amplitude, multiplied by the appropriate pion vector form factors. Using dispersive fits to high-statistics data for the pion vector form factor, we obtain aπμ-box = −15.9(2) × 10−11 . A first model-independent calculation of effects of ππ intermediate states that go beyond the scalar-QED pion loop is also presented. We combine our dispersive description of the HLbL tensor with a partial-wave expansion and demonstrate that the known scalar-QED result is recovered after partial-wave resummation. After constructing suitableinputfortheγ∗γ∗ →ππhelicitypartialwavesbasedonapion-poleleft-handcut(LHC),wefindthatfor the dominant charged-pion contribution this representation is consistent with the two-loop chiral prediction and the COMPASS measurement for the pion polarizability. This allows us to reliably estimate S -wave rescattering effects to the full pion box and leads to aπ-box + aππ,π-pole LHC = −24(1) × 10−11.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


10 Strategic Research Centers > Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics (AEC)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Theoretical Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Colangelo, Gilberto and Hoferichter, Martin


500 Science > 530 Physics






Esther Fiechter

Date Deposited:

05 Aug 2020 14:17

Last Modified:

05 Aug 2020 14:17

Publisher DOI:






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