Endogenous Political Economy: On the Inevitability of Inefficiency Under the Natural Resource Curse

Fernandes, Ana (June 2008). Endogenous Political Economy: On the Inevitability of Inefficiency Under the Natural Resource Curse (Discussion Papers 08-02). Bern: Department of Economics

dp0802.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (270kB) | Preview

This paper is a first step toward a more fundamental theory of political economy outcomes. We start from the fundamentals of the economy, given by preferences and technology; further, we specify all available technologies for the control of resources — such as armed forces or bribing. We model the interaction of agents in this economy as a game and examine all its equilibria. Equilibrium allocations must be such that individuals maximize their utility and that no group of individuals has the incentive to modify those allocations by (additional) usage of the technologies for the control of resources. The generality of our approach enables us to answer the question “Is there something about the nature of a country that makes inefficient equilibria inevitable?” We illustrate our approach by applying it to the natural resource curse. The model predicts that inefficient outcomes — in
the form of either conflict or a deterrence army solution — will always occur as long as the value of natural resources to capture is positive and the opportunity cost of time — which partly determines soldiers’ wages — is finite.

Item Type:

Working Paper


03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Department of Economics

UniBE Contributor:

Fernandes, Ana


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics


Discussion Papers


Department of Economics




Lars Tschannen

Date Deposited:

06 Oct 2020 16:26

Last Modified:

06 Oct 2020 16:26

JEL Classification:

H11, O11, P16





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback