Wake Up, Work on Dreams, Back to Bed and Lucid Dream: A Sleep Laboratory Study

Erlacher, Daniel; Stumbrys, Tadas (2020). Wake Up, Work on Dreams, Back to Bed and Lucid Dream: A Sleep Laboratory Study. Frontiers in psychology, 11(1383), p. 1383. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01383

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Lucid dreaming offers many opportunities to study consciousness processes. However,
laboratory research in this area is limited because frequent lucid dreamers are rare.
Several studies demonstrated that different methods of induction could increase the
number of lucid dreams. In four field studies, a combination of a wake-up-back-to-bed
(WBTB) sleep protocol and a mnemonic technique (MILD) showed promising results. To
further investigate the effectiveness of this combined approach, we conducted a sleep
laboratory experiment with four different conditions. The general experimental procedure
was the following: Participants were awakened after 6 h of sleep from a subsequent
REM period and kept awake for 30 or 60 min, during which they were asked to practice
MILD or a control task (e.g., reading). Then they returned to bed for a morning sleep
period. In the first condition eleven sport students, who attended a seminar on sleep
and dreams, spent one night in a sleep laboratory. To avoid biases due to the seminar
attendance (e.g., higher motivation), in the second condition 15 participants who did
not attend the seminar were recruited. In the third condition, 14 sport students were
tested with a shorter awakening period (30 min). Finally, the fourth condition served as a
control condition, whereas eleven sport students slept two non-consecutive nights in a
laboratory. Instead of MILD, in one night the participants read a book (fiction, unrelated to
dreams), while in the other night they played a Nintendo Wii video game. In the first three
conditions, six (54%), eight (53%), and five participants (36%) reported lucid dreams
during the morning sleep period, whereas three, (27%), four (27%), and two participants
(14%) produced PSG-verified eye signals. In contrast, in the reading condition, only one
(9%) participant reported lucid dreams and no eye movements. No lucid dreams were
observed in the Wii condition. The findings of the present study show that by using a
combination of WBTB and MILD, lucid dreams can be effectively induced in people who
are not selected for their lucid dream abilities.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Movement and Exercise Science

UniBE Contributor:

Erlacher, Daniel


700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment




Frontiers Research Foundation




Daniel Erlacher

Date Deposited:

03 Sep 2020 09:21

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:40

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

lucid dream induction, wake-up-back-to-bed, mild, sleep laboratory, morning sleep





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