Tell Halaf before Kapara: Reconsidering the Structure and Development of the Early Iron Age Settlement

Sollee, Alexander Ericson (2020). Tell Halaf before Kapara: Reconsidering the Structure and Development of the Early Iron Age Settlement. In: Formation, Organisation and Development of Iron Age Societies: A Comparative View. Proceedings of the Workshop held at the 10th ICAANE in Vienna, April 2016. Oriental and European Archaeology: Vol. 15 (pp. 173-194). Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften

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The ancient settlement of Tell Halaf, which was known as Gōzān and later Gūzāna in antiquity, was the capital of the Aramean state Bīt Baḫiani, which became part of the Neo-Assyrian Empire during the 9th century BC. Even though the historical sources as well as the archaeological material indisputably show that the site had already been an important town before the period of Assyrian occupation, many aspects of its original culture remain unclear. In particular, the enigmatic ruler Kapara, son of Ḫadiānu, seems to have reshaped the settlement by erecting monumental buildings and complexes as well as possibly introducing new traditions. The nature of the town before Kapara’s reign – the so-called ‘Altbauperiode’ – is less well known, however, and the results of the latest excavations conducted at Tell Halaf have shown that the original excavators’ conclusions must be reconsidered in the light of more recent research. In this paper, I will try to combine the evidence produced by the old and new excavations in order to reconstruct the
ancient settlement of Tell Halaf before the reign of Kapara.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)


06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences > Near Eastern Archaeology

UniBE Contributor:

Sollee, Alexander Ericson


900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)




Oriental and European Archaeology


Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften




Alexander Ericson Sollee

Date Deposited:

07 Sep 2020 14:24

Last Modified:

08 Sep 2020 08:13

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Tell Halaf; Iron Age; Neo Hittite; Early Iron Age; Archaeology; Kapara


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