Concrete perturbation in a 13-year in situ concrete/bentonite interaction from FEBEX experiments. New insight of 2:1 Mg phyllosilicate precipitation at the interface

Gaboreau, Stephane; Rodríguez-Cañas, Enrique; Maeder, Urs; Jenni, Andreas; Turrero, Maria Jesús; Cuevas, Jaime (2020). Concrete perturbation in a 13-year in situ concrete/bentonite interaction from FEBEX experiments. New insight of 2:1 Mg phyllosilicate precipitation at the interface. Applied geochemistry, 118, p. 104624. Elsevier 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2020.104624

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The Engineered Barrier System (EBS) implemented in full-scale experiments are designed to provide an understanding of the long-term performance of Deep Geological Repositories (DGR) as nuclear waste repositories. The existing interfaces between the engineered barrier materials, such as concrete and bentonite, constitute reactive surfaces on which the thickness and intensity of degradation of the material, which may affect the confinement properties, are under investigation. This study focuses on a concrete projected on a saturated compacted bentonite from the in situ FEBEX experiment, emplaced in the Grimsel Test Site (GTS, Switzerland) and dismantled during 2015 after 13 years of functioning. Preserved sections crossing the interface have shown macroscopic heterogeneities in 1–2 cm of the shotcrete from the contact with bentonite that presumably affected the porosity distribution. In this area, the distribution of mineral and chemical components has been analyzed in detail, both in concrete that is distant from the interface and in contact with the bentonite. The information provided by detailed mineralogical mappings was consistent with quantitative chemical analysis. Chemical mappings are used to explain the distribution, nature and evolution of the phases in the concrete at the interface with clay. The role of porosity, presumably affected by the initial application of the shotcrete, has influenced the characteristic geochemical reactions in the bentonite-concrete interaction. The chemical composition of di- and tri-octahedral Al–Mg smectites, in the mixing trend of high-charge beidellite-saponite, were identified in the concrete in the degraded area at the interface.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Rock-Water Interaction

UniBE Contributor:

Mäder, Urs and Jenni, Andreas

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0883-2927

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andreas Jenni

Date Deposited:

09 Sep 2020 14:31

Last Modified:

13 Sep 2020 02:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.apgeochem.2020.104624

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Deep geological repositories Geochemical alteration Porosity Cement Clay Bentonite

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.146436

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/146436

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