Reducing recidivism using the Reasoning and Rehabilitation program: a pilot multi-site-controlled trial among prisoners in Switzerland.

Baggio, Stéphanie; Weber, Michael; Rossegger, Astrid; Endrass, Jerome; Heller, Patrick; Schneeberger, Andres; Graf, Marc; Liebrenz, Michael (2020). Reducing recidivism using the Reasoning and Rehabilitation program: a pilot multi-site-controlled trial among prisoners in Switzerland. International journal of public health, 65(6), pp. 801-810. Springer 10.1007/s00038-020-01372-9

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OBJECTIVES

This study evaluated whether the Reasoning and Rehabilitation (R&R2) program was effective in reducing recidivism, minimizing dropout rates, and improving outcomes related to attitudes, behaviors, and personality among people living in detention.

METHODS

Data were collected in eight Swiss German-speaking prisons among males detained for violent offenses using a quasi-experimental controlled design (R&R2: n = 129, treatment as usual [TAU]: n = 84). Measures included recidivism, dropout rate, and self-report questionnaires (hostile attribution bias, aggressiveness, interpersonal problems, and willingness to accept responsibility). Data were analyzed using mixed-effect models.

RESULTS

Participants in the R&R2 group were less likely to reoffend in comparison with the TAU group in the intention-to-treat (n = 51, odds ratio = 0.75, p = .060) and the per-protocol (excluding dropouts; n = 38, odds ratio = 0.65, p = .068) analyses. They also had lower self-reported scores of spontaneous and reactive aggressiveness (p = .047 and p = .070) and excitability (p = .086).

CONCLUSIONS

The findings of this pilot project were promising, with the R&R2 program leading to reduced recidivism and dropout rate. Even though these results should be considered preliminary, the R&R2 program appeared to be a relevant approach in reducing recidivism after prison.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Psychiatric Services

UniBE Contributor:

Baggio, Stéphanie and Liebrenz, Michael

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1661-8564

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Antoinette Angehrn

Date Deposited:

17 Sep 2020 17:33

Last Modified:

17 Sep 2020 17:38

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00038-020-01372-9

PubMed ID:

32318781

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Intervention Mental health Psychotherapy Reoffending

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.146572

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/146572

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