Inhalational delivery of induced pluripotent stem cell secretome improves postpneumonectomy lung structure and function.

Dane, D Merrill; Cao, Khoa; Zhang, Yu-An; Kernstine, Kemp; Gazdhar, Amiq; Geiser, Thomas; Hsia, Connie C W (2020). Inhalational delivery of induced pluripotent stem cell secretome improves postpneumonectomy lung structure and function. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 129(5), pp. 1051-1061. Bethesda, MD 10.1152/japplphysiol.00205.2020

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Cell-free secretory products (secretome) of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have been shown to attenuate tissue injury and facilitate repair and recovery. To examine whether iPSC secretome facilitates mechanically-induced compensatory responses following unilateral pneumonectomy (PNX), litter-matched young adult female hounds underwent right PNX (removing 55-58% of lung units) followed by inhalational delivery of either the nebulized conditioned media containing iPSCs secretome (iPSC CM) or control cell-free media (CFM); inhalation was repeated every 5 days for 10 treatments. Lung function was measured under anesthesia pre-PNX and 10 d after the last treatment (8 weeks post-PNX); detailed quantitative analysis of lung ultrastructure was performed postmortem. Pre-PNX lung function was similar between groups. Compared to CFM control, treatment with iPSC CM attenuated the post-PNX decline in DLCO and DMCO, accompanied by a 24% larger postmortem lobar volume and distal air space enlargement. Alveolar double-capillary profiles were 39% more prevalent consistent with enhanced intussusceptive angiogenesis. Frequency distribution of the harmonic mean thickness of alveolar blood-gas barrier shifted towards the lowest values while alveolar septal tissue volume and arithmetic septal thickness were similar, indicating septal remodeling and reduced diffusive resistance of the blood-gas barrier. Thus, repetitive inhalational delivery of iPSC secretome enhanced post-PNX alveolar angiogenesis and septal remodeling that are associated with improved gas exchange compensation. Results highlight the plasticity of the remaining lung units following major loss of lung mass that are responsive to broad-based modulation provided by the iPSC secretome.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Pneumologie (Erwachsene)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Pneumology

UniBE Contributor:

Gazdhar, Amiq and Geiser, Thomas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1522-1601

Publisher:

Bethesda, MD

Language:

English

Submitter:

Heidi Lobsiger

Date Deposited:

25 Sep 2020 09:32

Last Modified:

18 Nov 2020 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1152/japplphysiol.00205.2020

PubMed ID:

32909918

Uncontrolled Keywords:

alveolar remodeling compensatory lung growth induced pluripotent stem cells lung diffusing capacity secretome

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.146708

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/146708

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