Kurgan Tunnug 1—New Data on the Earliest Horizon of Scythian Material Culture

Sadykov, Timur; Caspari, Gino; Blochin, Jegor (2020). Kurgan Tunnug 1—New Data on the Earliest Horizon of Scythian Material Culture. Journal of Field Archaeology, 45(8), pp. 556-570. Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group 10.1080/00934690.2020.1821152

[img] Text
Tunnug1_Architecture.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (6MB) | Request a copy

Questions surrounding the emergence of highly mobile nomadic pastoralism and the origins of the associated Scythian material culture have a long history in Eurasian steppe archaeology, but advances in knowledge have been hindered by a lack of data. Here we present new findings on the Early Iron Age royal burial mound Tunnug 1 in Tuva. While the site belongs to the same cultural tradition as Arzhan 1, the conceptual roots of the funerary ritual architecture can be traced to precursors in the Mongun Taiga culture and the Mongolian deer stone khirigsuur complex. The clay architecture uncovered at Tunnug 1 does not find any regional comparisons and possibly hints towards a western Central Asian contribution to the formation of the earliest Scythian horizon. Our research demonstrates the value of a multi-disciplinary approach to documenting monumental earthen architecture, including technical approaches (satellite imagery, aerial photographs, 3D models, digital elevation models, geophysics, and radiocarbon dating) with an analysis of construction material and associated finds.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences > Near Eastern Archaeology
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences > Pre- and Early History

UniBE Contributor:

Caspari, Gino Ramon

Subjects:

700 Arts > 720 Architecture
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)

ISSN:

2042-4582

Publisher:

Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Gino Ramon Caspari

Date Deposited:

07 Oct 2020 07:34

Last Modified:

25 Oct 2020 02:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/00934690.2020.1821152

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Tunnug, Arzhan, burial mound, Scythian, Siberia, Iron Age

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.146779

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/146779

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback