An Ex Vivo Study of Root Canal System Configuration and Morphology of 115 Maxillary First Premolars.

Wolf, Thomas Gerhard; Kozaczek, Christoph; Siegrist, Mark; Betthäuser, Madlena; Paqué, Frank; Briseño-Marroquín, Benjamín (2020). An Ex Vivo Study of Root Canal System Configuration and Morphology of 115 Maxillary First Premolars. Journal of endodontics, 46(6), pp. 794-800. Elsevier 10.1016/j.joen.2020.03.001

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INTRODUCTION

The aim of this study was to investigate the root canal system morphology of maxillary first premolars by means of micro-computed tomographic imaging in a Swiss-German population.

METHODS

The root canal configuration (RCC) of 115 maxillary first premolars (Mx1Ps) were investigated by means of micro-computed tomographic imaging and 3-dimensional imaging. The RCC and the physiological foramina results are described by a 4-digit system code.

RESULTS

Twelve different RCCs were observed in 30 single-rooted Mx1Ps; 2-2-2/2 (30.0%), 1-2-2/2 (13.3%), 1-2-1/2 (10%), and 2-2-1/2 (10.0%) were the most frequent ones. Seven different RCCs were observed in 2-rooted Mx1Ps (n = 81) in which the 1-1-1/1 (56.8%), 1-1-1/2 (29.6%), and 1-1-2/2 (8.6%) in the buccal root and 1-1-1/1 (92.6%) and 1-1-1/2 (6.2%) in the palatal root RCCs appeared most frequently. Three-rooted Mx1Ps (n = 4) showed a 1-1-1/1 (100.0%) RCC in all roots. The buccal root canal in 2-rooted Mx1Ps had 1 physiological foramen in 59.3% and 2 in 40.7% and 1 to 6 accessory foramina in 38.2%. The palatal root canal showed 1 physiological foramen in 93.8% and 2 in 6.2% and 1 to 2 accessory foramina in 14.8%. Single-rooted Mx1Ps showed 1 physiological foramen in 10.0%, 2 in 70.0%, 3 in 13.3%, and 4 in 6.7% and 1 to 3 accessory foramina in 46.7%.

CONCLUSIONS

The results of this study provide detailed morphologic RCC information of Mx1Ps in a Swiss-German population. Single-rooted Mx1Ps showed morphologic diversifications more frequently than 2- or 3-rooted Mx1Ps. Within 2-rooted Mx1Ps, the buccal root had higher RCC variety, accessory canals, and foramina number than the palatal root.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Knochenbiologie & Orthopädische Forschung
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Knochenbiologie & Orthopädische Forschung

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Wolf, Thomas Gerhard; Kozaczek, Christoph; Siegrist, Mark; Betthäuser, Madlena Katharina Luise and Briseño Marroquin, Benjamin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0099-2399

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tina Lauper

Date Deposited:

05 Oct 2020 14:13

Last Modified:

14 Apr 2021 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.joen.2020.03.001

PubMed ID:

32299701

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Internal morphology Swiss-German population maxillary first premolars micro–computed tomography root canal configuration

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.146787

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/146787

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