Deleterious AGXT Missense Variant Associated with Type 1 Primary Hyperoxaluria (PH1) in Zwartbles Sheep.

Letko, Anna; Dijkman, Reinie; Strugnell, Ben; Häfliger, Irene M.; Paris, Julia M.; Henderson, Katrina; Geraghty, Tim; Orr, Hannah; Scholes, Sandra; Drögemüller, Cord (2020). Deleterious AGXT Missense Variant Associated with Type 1 Primary Hyperoxaluria (PH1) in Zwartbles Sheep. Genes, 11(10) MDPI, Molecular Diversity Preservation International 10.3390/genes11101147

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Severe oxalate nephropathy has been previously reported in sheep and is mostly associated with excessive oxalate in the diet. However, a rare native Dutch breed (Zwartbles) seems to be predisposed to an inherited juvenile form of primary hyperoxaluria and no causative genetic variant has been described so far. This study aims to characterize the phenotype and genetic etiology of the inherited metabolic disease observed in several purebred Zwartbles sheep. Affected animals present with a wide range of clinical signs including condition loss, inappetence, malaise, and, occasionally, respiratory signs, as well as an apparent sudden unexpected death. Histopathology revealed widespread oxalate crystal deposition in kidneys of the cases. Whole-genome sequencing of two affected sheep identified a missense variant in the ovine AGXT gene (c.584G>A; p.Cys195Tyr). Variants in AGXT are known to cause type I primary hyperoxaluria in dogs and humans. Herein, we present evidence that the observed clinicopathological phenotype can be described as a form of ovine type I primary hyperoxaluria. This disorder is explained by a breed-specific recessively inherited pathogenic AGXT variant. Genetic testing enables selection against this fatal disorder in Zwartbles sheep as well as more precise diagnosis in animals with similar clinical phenotype. Our results have been incorporated in the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA) database (OMIA 001672-9940).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Letko, Anna; Häfliger, Irene Monika; Paris, Julia Maria and Drögemüller, Cord

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2073-4425

Publisher:

MDPI, Molecular Diversity Preservation International

Language:

English

Submitter:

Cord Drögemüller

Date Deposited:

09 Oct 2020 15:55

Last Modified:

09 Oct 2020 15:55

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/genes11101147

PubMed ID:

33003365

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Ovis aries genetic test metabolic disease oxalate nephropathy precision medicine whole-genome sequencing

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.146900

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/146900

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