Changes in the cerebrospinal fluid lipid profile following subarachnoid hemorrhage in a closed cranium model: Correlations to cerebral vasospasm, neuronal cell death and Interleukin-6 synthesis. A pilot study.

Croci, Davide; Nevzati, Edin; Muroi, Carl; Schöpf, Salome; Hornemann, Thorsten; Widmer, Hans Rudolf; Danura, Hiroki; Fandino, Javier; Marbacher, Serge (2020). Changes in the cerebrospinal fluid lipid profile following subarachnoid hemorrhage in a closed cranium model: Correlations to cerebral vasospasm, neuronal cell death and Interleukin-6 synthesis. A pilot study. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases, 29(9), p. 105054. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.105054

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BACKGROUND

Phospholipids and sphingolipids are cell membrane components, that participate in signaling events and regulate a wide variety of vital cellular processes. Sphingolipids are involved in ischemic stroke pathophysiology. Throughout cleavage of membrane sphingomyelin by sphingomyelinase in stroke patients, it results in increased Ceramide (Cer) levels in brain tissue. Different studies showed the evidence that sphingomyelinase with Cer production induces expression of interleukin (IL)-6 and have vasoconstrictive proprieties. With this study, we intend to evaluate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lipid profile changes in a rabbit closed cranium subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model.

METHODS

A total of 14 New Zealand white rabbits were randomly allocated either to SAH or sham group. In the first group SAH was induced by extracranial-intracranial shunting from the subclavian artery into the cisterna magna. Intracranial pressure (ICP) and arterial blood pressure were continuously monitored. Digital subtraction angiography of the basilar artery, CSF and blood samples were performed at day 0 pre SAH and on day 3 post SAH. The amount of IL-6 and various lipids in CSF were quantified using ELISA and Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry respectively. Cell death was detected in bilateral basal cortex, hippocampus (CA1 and CA3) using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL).

RESULTS

SAH Induction led to acute increase of ICP and increased delayed cerebral vasospasm (DCVS). At follow up CSF IL-6 levels showed a significant increase compared to baseline. Between baseline and follow up there were no significant differences in any of the measured CSF Lipids irrespective of subgroups. No relevant correlation was found between IL-6 and any of the sphingolipids. We found a correlation between baseline and follow up for the phospholipids phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine.

CONCLUSIONS

Neuronal apoptosis, DCVS and IL-6 seems not to be related to changes in CSF lipid profiles except for PEA and PC in a rabbit closed cranium SAH model.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurosurgery

UniBE Contributor:

Widmer, Hans Rudolf

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1052-3057

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nicole Söll

Date Deposited:

12 Oct 2020 17:03

Last Modified:

18 Oct 2020 02:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.105054

PubMed ID:

32807460

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Brain injury Delayed cerebral vasospasm Interleukin-6 Sphingolipids Subarachnoid hemorrhage

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.146938

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/146938

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