Compensatory health beliefs and unhealthy snack consumption in daily life

Amrein, Melanie A.; Scholz, Urte; Inauen, Jennifer (2020). Compensatory health beliefs and unhealthy snack consumption in daily life. Appetite, 157, p. 104996. Elsevier 10.1016/j.appet.2020.104996

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Compensatory health beliefs (CHBs) are beliefs that an unhealthy behavior (unhealthy eating) can be compensated for by engaging in a healthy behavior (physical activity). Previous research focused on CHBs as rather stable beliefs (trait). Some studies indicated that situation-specific CHBs (state) might be important in situations, in which people are confronted with an unhealthy snack. This study aims to investigate the association between CHBs and unhealthy snack consumption in daily life with a special focus on the distinction between trait and state CHBs. Overall, N=45 participants (66.7% female; age: 18–45 years, M=21.9) received a link to an online questionnaire five times daily for seven consecutive days (n=1575 possible diary entries). They reported unhealthy snack consumption, state and trait CHBs concerning the compensation with subsequent eating behavior and physical activity. The results showed that trait and state CHBs were significantly positively related to unhealthy snack consumption in daily life. Different effects appeared for CHBs concerning the compensation with subsequent eating behavior compared to the compensation with physical activity. This study demonstrates that both, state and trait CHBs are important for unhealthy snack consumption in daily life. Findings emphasize the need for further daily diary approaches to understand the temporal sequence of state CHBs that could further explain the use of CHBs as a maladaptive strategy for unhealthy eating.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Psychological and Behavioral Health
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Amrein, Melanie Alexandra and Inauen, Jennifer

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0195-6663

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Salome Irina Rahel Bötschi

Date Deposited:

15 Oct 2020 12:53

Last Modified:

18 Oct 2020 02:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.appet.2020.104996

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147048

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147048

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