Sandstone sample analysis and additional structural data from Jabal Rayah, a possible impact structure in Saudi Arabia

Gnos, Edwin; Hofmann, Beda A.; Al-Wagdani, Khalid; Mahjub, Ayman; Al-Solami, Abdulaziz Abdullah; Habibullah, Siddiq N.; Matter, Albert; Halawani, Mohammed A. (2018). Sandstone sample analysis and additional structural data from Jabal Rayah, a possible impact structure in Saudi Arabia. Meteoritics & planetary science, 53(12), pp. 2652-2660. Wiley 10.1111/maps.13187

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The ~ 5.5 km sized Jabal Rayah ring structure located at 28° 390 N/37° 120 E in Saudi-Arabia has been classified as a possible complex impact structure located in flat-lying-Paleozoic clastic sediments. Previous, detailed mapping showed that erosional processes led-to a relief inversion, with displaced, folded, and faulted blocks of Silurian to Early-Devonian strata, interpreted to form a ring syncline, now forming a topographically-outstanding, 150 m high ring crest. The drainage toward the center of the structure seems-controlled by a set of radial faults. This central part is eroded to the level of the-surrounding plateau and partially covered with gravel. Analysis of 28 Qusaiba Formation-sandstones showed that at the present outcrop level, the sediments seem devoid of shock-features. Measurement of fold axes in the central part of the structure shows radially-outward plunging fold axes, becoming steeper toward the center, and also fold axes of other-orientation, and folded folds. This fold axis pattern is interpreted as an upward-pointing,-kilometer-sized sheath fold. Assuming an impact scenario and using the present size of the-structure, the minimum central structural uplift is estimated at ~ 500 m, which is consistent-with Qusaiba Formation occupying the center of the ring structure.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Other Institutions > Emeriti, Faculty of Science

UniBE Contributor:

Hofmann, Beda Anton, Matter, Albert


500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology
500 Science








Beda Anton Hofmann

Date Deposited:

02 Nov 2020 08:20

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:33

Publisher DOI:





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