Attack politics from Albania to Zimbabwe: A large-scale comparative study on the drivers of negative campaigning

Valli, Chiara; Nai, Alessandro (2020). Attack politics from Albania to Zimbabwe: A large-scale comparative study on the drivers of negative campaigning. International Political Science Review, 019251212094641. Sage 10.1177/0192512120946410

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There is little comparative research on what causes candidates in elections across the world to ‘go negative’ on their rivals – mainly because of the scarcity of large-scale datasets. In this article, we present new evidence covering over 80 recent national elections across the world (2016–2018), in which more than 400 candidates competed. For the first time in a large-scale comparative setting, we show that, ceteris paribus, negativity is more likely for challengers, extreme candidates, and right-wing candidates. Women are not more (or less) likely to go negative on their rivals than their male counterparts, but we find that higher numbers of female MPs in the country reduces negativity overall. Furthermore, women tend to go less negative in proportional systems and more negative in majoritarian systems. Finally, negativity is especially low for candidates on the left in countries with high female representation, and higher for candidates on the right in countries with proportional representation (PR).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Institute of Communication and Media Studies (ICMB)

UniBE Contributor:

Valli, Chiara Lisa

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

0192-5121

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Chiara Lisa Valli

Date Deposited:

03 Nov 2020 11:03

Last Modified:

15 Nov 2020 02:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/0192512120946410

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Negative campaigning, comparative political communication, expert survey, elite behaviour

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147158

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147158

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