Restoration of lymphatic function rescues obesity in Prox1-haploinsufficient mice.

Escobedo, Noelia; Proulx, Steven T; Karaman, Sinem; Dillard, Miriam E; Johnson, Nicole; Detmar, Michael; Oliver, Guillermo (2016). Restoration of lymphatic function rescues obesity in Prox1-haploinsufficient mice. JCI insight, 1(2), pp. 1-17. JCI Insight 10.1172/jci.insight.85096

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Prox1 heterozygous mice have a defective lymphatic vasculature and develop late-onset obesity. Chyle abnormally leaks from those vessels, accumulates in the surrounding tissues, and causes an increase in adipose tissue. We characterized the lymphatics of Prox1+/- mice to determine whether the extent of obesity correlated with the severity of lymphatic defects. The lymphatic vasculature in Prox1+/- mice exhibited reduced tracer clearance from the ear skin, dysfunctional perfusion of the lower legs, and reduced tracer uptake into the deep lymphatic collectors during mechanostimulation prior to the onset of obesity. Ear lymphatic vessels and leg collectors in Prox1+/- mice were disorganized and irregular, further confirming that defective lymphatic vessels are associated with obesity in Prox1+/- mice. We now provide conclusive in vivo evidence that demonstrates that leaky lymphatics mediate obesity in Prox1+/- mice, as restoration of lymphatic vasculature function was sufficient to rescue the obesity features in Prox1+/- mice. Finally, depth-lipomic profiling of lymph contents showed that free fatty acids induce adipogenesis in vitro.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Proulx, Steven Thomas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2379-3708

Publisher:

JCI Insight

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ursula Zingg-Zünd

Date Deposited:

21 Oct 2020 14:44

Last Modified:

21 Oct 2020 16:04

Publisher DOI:

10.1172/jci.insight.85096

PubMed ID:

26973883

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147213

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147213

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