Unraveling the self-made city: the spatial impact of informal real estate markets in informal settlements

Bouwmeester, Josje; Hartmann, Thomas (2021). Unraveling the self-made city: the spatial impact of informal real estate markets in informal settlements. Cities. The International Journal of Urban Policy and Planning, 108, p. 102966. Elsevier 10.1016/j.cities.2020.102966

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Informal real estate markets have developed as a result of deficiencies of formal real estate markets and play a crucial role in providing housing to the urban poor. This contribution combines an adaptation of Ostrom's rules with property rights theory to study the rules that have developed in the informal real estate, their spatial impact and implications of formal-informal interactions in an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. It is argued that although the nature of formal and informal property rights regimes is highly similar, conflicts arise when the two concur as they are based on different forms of legitimacy: input and output legitimacy. To the formal market, the informal market is illegitimate as it infringes on formal property rights and planning regulations, whereas to the informal market, the formal market is illegitimate due to its excluding nature. The research opts for further research in the discipline of spatial planning in order to gain a better understanding of formal-informal interactions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Human Geography > Unit Political urbanism and sutainable spatial development
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Human Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Bouwmeester, Josje Anna

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISSN:

0264-2751

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Josje Anna Bouwmeester

Date Deposited:

05 Nov 2020 15:04

Last Modified:

10 Mar 2021 07:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.cities.2020.102966

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147323

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147323

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