Late-Pleistocene catchment-wide denudation patterns across the European Alps

Delunel, Romain; Schlunegger, Fritz; Valla, Pierre G.; Dixon, Jean; Glotzbach, Christoph; Hippe, Kristina; Kober, Florian; Molliex, Stéphane; Norton, Kevin P.; Salcher, Bernhard; Wittmann, Hella; Akçar, Naki; Christl, Marcus (2020). Late-Pleistocene catchment-wide denudation patterns across the European Alps. Earth-science reviews, 211, p. 103407. Elsevier 10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103407

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We compile detrital 10Be concentrations of Alpine rivers, representing the denudation rates pattern for 375 catchments across the entire European Alps. Using a homogeneized framework, we employ state-of-the-art techniques for inverting in-situ 10Be concentrations into denudation rates. From our compilation, we nd that (i) while lithologic properties and precipitation/runoff do in uence erosion mechanisms and rates at the scale of individual catchments and in some speci c Alpine regions, such controls do not directly stand for the entire Alps, (ii) as also previously suggested, catchment-wide denudation rates across the entire European Alps closely follow rst-order Alpine topographic metrics at the scale of individual catchments or selected Alpine sub-regions. However, in addition to previous local-scale studies conducted in the European Alps, our large-scale compila- tion highlights a functional relationship between catchment-wide denudation and mean catchment slope angle. Catchment-wide denudation positively correlates with mean catchment slope up to a threshold angle (25–30◦). Above this threshold, any correlation between catchment-wide denudation and slope as well as other catchment metrics breaks apart. We can reconcile these systematic patterns by proposing a regional erosion model based on diffusive-transport laws for catchments located below the slope threshold angle. In oversteepened catchments situated above-threshold slopes, erosion is stochastic in nature, as glacial carving likely caused a partial decoupling between hillslope and uvial domains with complex topographic relationships and sediment con- nectivity patterns.
Finally, we identify a rst-order positive relationship between modern geodetic rock uplift and catchment- wide denudation for the European Alps. The observed spatial pattern is highly variable and possibly re ects the surface response to deep geodynamic mechanisms prevailing in the different Alpine regions. We conclude that today’s topography and geomorphic features of the entire Alps are the result of a millenial-scale geomorphic response to past glacial processes and active rock uplift, highlighting a link between external and internal drivers for mountain erosion.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Delunel, Romain; Schlunegger, Fritz; Valla, Pierre and Akçar, Naki

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0012-8252

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Fritz Schlunegger

Date Deposited:

05 Nov 2020 15:10

Last Modified:

15 Nov 2020 02:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103407

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147327

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147327

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