Challenging the Ischemic Core Concept in Acute Ischemic Stroke Imaging.

Goyal, Mayank; Ospel, Johanna M; Menon, Bijoy; Almekhlafi, Mohammed; Jayaraman, Mahesh; Fiehler, Jens; Psychogios, Marios; Chapot, Rene; van der Lugt, Aad; Liu, Jianmin; Yang, Pengfei; Agid, Ronit; Hacke, Werner; Walker, Melanie; Fischer, Urs; Asdaghi, Negar; McTaggart, Ryan; Srivastava, Padma; Nogueira, Raul G; Moret, Jacques; ... (2020). Challenging the Ischemic Core Concept in Acute Ischemic Stroke Imaging. Stroke, 51(10), pp. 3147-3155. American Heart Association 10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.030620

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Endovascular treatment is a highly effective therapy for acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion and has recently revolutionized stroke care. Oftentimes, ischemic core extent on baseline imaging is used to determine endovascular treatment-eligibility. There are, however, 3 fundamental issues with the core concept: First, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, which are mostly used in the acute stroke setting, are not able to precisely determine whether and to what extent brain tissue is infarcted (core) or still viable, due to variability in tissue vulnerability, the phenomenon of selective neuronal loss and lack of a reliable gold standard. Second, treatment decision-making in acute stroke is multifactorial, and as such, the relative importance of single variables, including imaging factors, is reduced. Third, there are often discrepancies between core volume and clinical outcome. This review will address the uncertainty in terminology and proposes a direction towards more clarity. This theoretical exercise needs empirical data that clarify the definitions further and prove its value.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Fischer, Urs

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1524-4628

Publisher:

American Heart Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Chantal Kottler

Date Deposited:

09 Nov 2020 16:34

Last Modified:

09 Nov 2020 16:34

Publisher DOI:

10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.030620

PubMed ID:

32933417

Uncontrolled Keywords:

computed tomography magnetic resonance imaging thrombectomy

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147412

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147412

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