Association of Pulse Pressure With Clinical Outcomes in Patients Under Different Antiplatelet Strategies After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Analysis of GLOBAL LEADERS.

de Faria, Ana Paula; Modolo, Rodrigo; Chichareon, Ply; Chang, Chun-Chin; Kogame, Norihiro; Tomaniak, Mariusz; Takahashi, Kuniaki; Rademaker-Havinga, Tessa; Wykrzykowska, Joanna; de Winter, Rob J; Ferreira, Rui C; Sousa, Amanda; Lemos, Pedro A; Garg, Scot; Hamm, Christian; Juni, Peter; Vranckx, Pascal; Valgimigli, Marco; Windecker, Stephan; Onuma, Yoshinobu; ... (2020). Association of Pulse Pressure With Clinical Outcomes in Patients Under Different Antiplatelet Strategies After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Analysis of GLOBAL LEADERS. Canadian journal of cardiology, 36(5), pp. 747-755. Canadian Cardiology Publications 10.1016/j.cjca.2019.10.015

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BACKGROUND

We evaluated the association of pulse pressure (PP) and different antiplatelet regimes with clinical and safety outcomes in an all-comers percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) population.

METHODS

In this analysis of GLOBAL LEADERS (n = 15,936) we compared the experimental therapy of 23 months of ticagrelor after 1 month of dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) vs standard DAPT for 12 months followed by aspirin monotherapy in subjects who underwent PCI and were divided into 2 groups according to the median PP (60 mm Hg). The primary end point (all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction) and the composite end points: patient-oriented composite end points (POCE), Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3 or 5, and net adverse clinical events (NACE) were evaluated.

RESULTS

At 2 years, subjects in the high-PP group (n = 7971) had similar rates of the primary end point (4.3% vs 3.9%; P = 0.058), POCE (14.9% vs 12.7%; P = 0.051), and BARC 3 or 5 (2.5% vs 1.7%; P = 0.355) and higher rates of NACE (16.4% vs 13.7%; P = 0.037) compared with the low-PP group (n = 7965). Among patients with PP < 60 mm Hg, the primary end point (3.4% vs 4.4%, adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.77, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.61-0.96), POCE (11.8% vs 13.5%, aHR 0.86, 95% CI 0.76-0.98), NACE (12.8% vs 14.7%, aHR 0.85, 95% CI 0.76-0.96), and BARC 3 or 5 (1.4% vs 2.1%, aHR 0.69, 95% CI 0.49-0.97) were lower with ticagrelor monotherapy compared with DAPT. The only significant interaction was for BARC 3 or 5 (P = 0.008).

CONCLUSIONS

After contemporary PCI, subjects with high PP levels experienced high rates of NACE at 2 years. In those with low PP, ticagrelor monotherapy led to a lower risk of bleeding events compared with standard DAPT.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Valgimigli, Marco and Windecker, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0828-282X

Publisher:

Canadian Cardiology Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nadia Biscozzo

Date Deposited:

19 Nov 2020 16:11

Last Modified:

19 Nov 2020 16:11

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.cjca.2019.10.015

PubMed ID:

32139280

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147460

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147460

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