Quantitative flow ratio-guided strategy versus angiography-guided strategy for percutaneous coronary intervention: Rationale and design of the FAVOR III China trial.

Song, Lei; Tu, Shengxian; Sun, Zhongwei; Wang, Yang; Ding, Daixin; Guan, Changdong; Xie, Lihua; Escaned, Javier; Fearon, William F; Kirtane, Ajay J; Serruys, Patrick W; Wijns, William; Windecker, Stephan; Leon, Martin B; Stone, Gregg W; Qiao, Shubin; Xu, Bo (2020). Quantitative flow ratio-guided strategy versus angiography-guided strategy for percutaneous coronary intervention: Rationale and design of the FAVOR III China trial. American Heart Journal, 223, pp. 72-80. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ahj.2020.02.015

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BACKGROUND

Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel angiography-based approach enabling fast computation of fractional flow reserve without use of pressure wire or adenosine. The objective of this investigator-initiated, multicenter, patient- and clinical assessor-blinded randomized trial is to evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a QFR-augmented angiography-guided (QFR-guided) strategy versus an angiography-only guided (angiography-guided) strategy for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease.

METHODS

Approximately 3,830 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to a QFR-guided or an angiography-guided strategy. Included subjects scheduled for coronary angiography have at least 1 lesion eligible for PCI with 50%-90% stenosis in an artery with ≥2.5 mm reference diameter. Subjects assigned to the QFR-guided strategy will have QFR measured in each interrogated vessel and undergo PCI when QFR ≤0.80, with deferral for lesions with QFR >0.80. Those assigned to the angiography-guided strategy will undergo PCI based on angiography. Optimal medical therapy will be administered to all treated and deferred patients. The primary end point is the 1-year rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), a composite of all-cause mortality, any myocardial infarction, or any ischemia-driven revascularization. The major secondary end point is 1-year MACE excluding periprocedural myocardial infarction. Other secondary end points include the individual components of MACE and cost-effectiveness end points. The sample size affords 85% power to demonstrate superiority of QFR guidance compared with angiography guidance.

CONCLUSIONS

The FAVOR III China study will be the first randomized trial to examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a QFR-guided versus an angiography-guided PCI strategy in coronary artery disease patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Windecker, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0002-8703

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nadia Biscozzo

Date Deposited:

29 Nov 2020 14:51

Last Modified:

29 Nov 2020 14:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ahj.2020.02.015

PubMed ID:

32179258

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147487

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147487

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