The association of body mass index with long-term clinical outcomes after ticagrelor monotherapy following abbreviated dual antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: a prespecified sub-analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS Trial.

Ono, Masafumi; Chichareon, Ply; Tomaniak, Mariusz; Kawashima, Hideyuki; Takahashi, Kuniaki; Kogame, Norihiro; Modolo, Rodrigo; Hara, Hironori; Gao, Chao; Wang, Rutao; Walsh, Simon; Suryapranata, Harry; da Silva, Pedro Canas; Cotton, James; Koning, René; Akin, Ibrahim; Rensing, Benno J W M; Garg, Scot; Wykrzykowska, Joanna J; Piek, Jan J; ... (2020). The association of body mass index with long-term clinical outcomes after ticagrelor monotherapy following abbreviated dual antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: a prespecified sub-analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS Trial. Clinical research in cardiology, 109(9), pp. 1125-1139. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00392-020-01604-1

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BACKGROUND

The efficacy of antiplatelet therapies following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may be affected by body mass index (BMI).

METHODS AND RESULTS

This is a prespecified subgroup analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS trial, a prospective, multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled trial in an all-comer population undergoing PCI, comparing the experimental strategy (23-month ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy [DAPT]) with a reference regimen (12-month aspirin monotherapy following 12-month DAPT). A total of 15,968 patients were stratified by baseline BMI with prespecified threshold of 27 kg/m2. Of those, 6973 (43.7%) patients with a BMI < 27 kg/m2 had a higher risk of all-cause mortality at 2 years than those with BMI ≥ 27 kg/m2 (adjusted HR 1.24, 95% CI 1.02-1.49). At 2 years, the rates of the primary endpoint (all-cause mortality or new Q-wave myocardial infarction) were similar between treatment strategies in either BMI group (pinteraction = 0.51). In acute coronary syndrome, however, the experimental strategy was associated with significant reduction of the primary endpoint compared to the reference strategy in patients with BMI < 27 kg/m2 (HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.51-0.94), but not in the ones with BMI ≥ 27 kg/m2 (pinteraction = 0.047). In chronic coronary syndrome, there was no between-group difference in the efficacy and safety of the two antiplatelet strategies.

CONCLUSIONS

Overall, BMI did not influence the treatment effect seen with ticagrelor monotherapy; however, a beneficial effect of ticagrelor monotherapy was seen in ACS patients with BMI < 27 kg/m2.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

The trial has been registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, Number NCT01813435.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Windecker, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1861-0684

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nadia Biscozzo

Date Deposited:

29 Nov 2020 15:07

Last Modified:

14 Mar 2021 08:13

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00392-020-01604-1

PubMed ID:

32006156

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Acute coronary syndrome Body mass index Drug-eluting stent Dual antiplatelet therapy Percutaneous coronary intervention Ticagrelor monotherapy

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147488

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147488

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