Ticagrelor monotherapy in patients with concomitant diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease: a post hoc analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS trial.

Gao, Chao; Tomaniak, Mariusz; Takahashi, Kuniaki; Kawashima, Hideyuki; Wang, Rutao; Hara, Hironori; Ono, Masafumi; Montalescot, Gilles; Garg, Scot; Haude, Michael; Slagboom, Ton; Vranckx, Pascal; Valgimigli, Marco; Windecker, Stephan; van Geuns, Robert-Jan; Hamm, Christian; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Onuma, Yoshinobu; Angiolillo, Dominick J and Serruys, Patrick W (2020). Ticagrelor monotherapy in patients with concomitant diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease: a post hoc analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS trial. Cardiovascular diabetology, 19(1), p. 179. BioMed Central 10.1186/s12933-020-01153-x

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BACKGROUND

Patients with both diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are a subpopulation characterized by ultrahigh ischemic and bleeding risk after percutaneous coronary intervention. There are limited data on the impact of ticagrelor monotherapy among these patients.

METHODS

In this post hoc analysis of the GLOBAL-LEADERS trial, the treatment effects of the experimental (one-month dual-antiplatelet therapy [DAPT] followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy) versus the reference regimen (12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin alone) were analyzed according to DM/CKD status. The primary endpoint was a composite endpoint of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction at 2-years. The patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) was defined as the composite of all-cause death, any stroke, site-reported MI and any revascularization, whereas net adverse clinical events (NACE) combined POCE with BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding events.

RESULTS

At 2 years, the DM + /CKD + patients had significantly higher incidences of the primary endpoint (9.5% versus 3.1%, adjusted HR 2.16; 95% CI [1.66-2.80], p < 0.001), BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding events, stroke, site-reported myocardial infraction, all revascularization, POCE, and NACE, compared with the DM-/CKD- patients. Among the DM + /CKD + patients, after adjustment, there were no significant differences in the primary endpoints between the experimental and reference regimen; however, the experimental regimen was associated with lower rates of POCE (20.6% versus 25.9%, HR 0.74; 95% CI [0.55-0.99], p = 0.043, pinteraction = 0.155) and NACE (22.7% versus 28.3%, HR 0.75; 95% CI [0.56-0.99], p = 0.044, pinteraction = 0.310), which was mainly driven by a lower rate of all revascularization, as compared with the reference regimen. The landmark analysis showed that while the experimental and reference regimen had similar rates of all the clinical endpoints during the first year, the experimental regimen was associated with significantly lower rates of POCE (5.8% versus 11.0%, HR 0.49; 95% CI [0.29-0.82], p = 0.007, pinteraction = 0.040) and NACE (5.8% versus 11.2%, HR 0.48; 95% CI [0.29-0.82], p = 0.007, pinteraction = 0.013) in the second year.

CONCLUSION

Among patients with both DM and CKD, ticagrelor monotherapy was not associated with lower rates of all-cause death or new Q-wave, or major bleeding complications; however, it was associated with lower rates of POCE and NACE. These findings should be interpreted as hypothesis-generating.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION

ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01813435).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Valgimigli, Marco and Windecker, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1475-2840

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nadia Biscozzo

Date Deposited:

04 Dec 2020 07:52

Last Modified:

04 Dec 2020 07:52

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s12933-020-01153-x

PubMed ID:

33066794

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Aspirin-free antiplatelet strategies Chronic kidney disease DAPT Diabetes mellitus Percutaneous coronary intervention Ticagrelor

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147519

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147519

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