The 'double transition': a novel electrocardiogram sign to discriminate posteroseptal accessory pathways ablated from the right endocardium from those requiring a left-sided or epicardial coronary venous approach.

Pascale, Patrizio; Hunziker, Samuel; Denis, Arnaud; Gómez Flores, Jorge Rafael; Roten, Laurent; Shah, Ashok J; Scherr, Daniel; Komatsu, Yuki; Ramoul, Khaled; Daly, Matthew; LeBloa, Mathieu; Pruvot, Etienne; Derval, Nicolas; Sacher, Frédéric; Hocini, Mélèze; Jaïs, Pierre; Haïssaguerre, Michel (2020). The 'double transition': a novel electrocardiogram sign to discriminate posteroseptal accessory pathways ablated from the right endocardium from those requiring a left-sided or epicardial coronary venous approach. Europace, 22(11), pp. 1703-1711. Oxford University Press 10.1093/europace/euaa200

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AIMS

The precise localization of manifest posteroseptal accessory pathways (APs) often poses diagnostic challenges considering that a small area may encompass AP that may be ablated from the right or left endocardium, or epicardially within the coronary sinus (CS). We sought to explore whether the QRS transition pattern in the precordial lead may help to discriminate the necessary ablation approach.

METHODS AND RESULTS

Consecutive patients who underwent a successful ablation of a single manifest AP over a 5-year period were included. Standard 12-lead electrocardiograms were reviewed. A total of 273 patients were identified. Mean age was 31 ± 15 years and 62% were male. Of the 110 identified posteroseptal AP, 64 were ablated from the right endocardium, 33 from the left endocardium, and 13 inside the CS. While a normal precordial QRS transition was most often observed, a subset of 33 patients presented an atypical 'double transition' pattern which specifically identified right endocardial AP. The combination of a q wave in V1 with a proportion of the positive QRS component in V1 < V2 > V3, predicted a right endocardial AP with a 100% specificity. In case of a positive QRS sum in V2, this 'double transition' pattern predicted a posteroseptal right endocardial AP with 99.5% specificity and 44% sensitivity. The positive predictive value was 97%. The only false positive was a midseptal AP. In the case of a negative or isoelectric QRS sum in V2, APs were located more laterally on the tricuspid annulus.

CONCLUSION

The combination of a q wave in V1 with a double QRS transition pattern in the precordial leads is highly specific of a right endocardial AP and rules out the need for CS or left-sided mapping.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Roten, Laurent

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1099-5129

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daria Vogelsang

Date Deposited:

25 Nov 2020 15:29

Last Modified:

29 Nov 2022 15:40

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/europace/euaa200

PubMed ID:

32984869

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Ablation Accessory pathway Delta wave Electrocardiogram Precordial transition Wolff–Parkinson–White

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147585

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147585

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