The anatomical reliability of the Superficial Circumflex Iliac Artery Perforator (SCIP) Flap

Zubler, Cédric; Haberthür, David; Hlushchuk, Ruslan; Djonov, Valentin; Constantinescu, Mihai; Olariu, Radu (2020). The anatomical reliability of the Superficial Circumflex Iliac Artery Perforator (SCIP) Flap. Annals of anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger, 234, p. 151624. Elsevier 10.1016/j.aanat.2020.151624

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Introduction
In order to achieve a satisfactory functional and aesthetic result a thin skin flap is often required in surgical reconstruction of various body regions. Perforator flaps based on either the superficial or deep branch of the superficial circumflex iliac artery (SCIA) have been used for this purpose mainly in the Asian population. Recently the superficial plane has been established as a new way of elevating the flap. Anatomical studies and details of this new flap are lacking.

Material and Methods
Wide areas were harvested subfascially from the groin of Thiel-fixated cadavers. Both deep and superficial branches of the superficial circumflex iliac artery were carefully dissected and individually injected with μAngiofil. After CT-imaging the flaps were raised on the superficial plane, perforators were marked and the flaps subsequently rescanned. High-resolution images of regions of interest were taken using micro-CT.

Results
A total of 21 flaps were harvested and analyzed. Both the deep and superficial branch provided more than three perforators per branch, however, the deep branch based flap was significantly larger (202 vs 112 cm2, p < 0.01) and had a longer pedicle (9.1 vs. 6.6 cm, p < 0.01). Raising the flap in the superficial plane reliably reduces bulk and increases homogeneity.

Conclusions
The SCIP flap appears to have a reliable vascular blood supply. The SCIA and its main branches and perforators have a consistent vascular pattern. The deep branch of the SCIA has the anatomic potential to be the preferred pedicle in case larger flaps with longer pedicles are necessary.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy > Topographical and Clinical Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery > Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy > Functional Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Zubler, Cédric Olivier; Haberthür, David; Hlushchuk, Ruslan; Djonov, Valentin Georgiev; Constantinescu, Mihai Adrian and Olariu, Radu

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0940-9602

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

David Christian Haberthür

Date Deposited:

19 Nov 2020 10:22

Last Modified:

10 Jan 2021 02:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.aanat.2020.151624

PubMed ID:

33129977

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147619

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147619

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