Perception and action in a far-aiming task: Inhibition demands and the functionality of the Quiet Eye in motor performance

Klostermann, André (2020). Perception and action in a far-aiming task: Inhibition demands and the functionality of the Quiet Eye in motor performance. Psychology of sport and exercise, 50, p. 101736. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101736

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It is incontestable that high motor performance requires an optimal coupling between perception and action. In sports as well as in professional tasks, the Quiet Eye (QE) – defined as the final fixation before movement initiation – has been found to explain a considerable amount of variance in motor performance and expertise. In the current series of studies, the underlying mechanisms of this perception-action variable were further investigated by testing predictions of the inhibition hypothesis. According to the inhibition hypothesis, the functionality of the QE is to shield movement parametrization. By manipulating the demands during response selection (Experiment 1 and Experiment 2) and movement control (Experiment 2) in a far-aiming task, it was found that – in line with the predictions – QE duration increased with increasing inhibition demands. This effect was mainly driven by the similarity rather than the number of possible actions. Moreover, the relation between inhibition demands and QE-duration were sustained through both response selection and movement control, which is perfectly in line with the notion of a continuous perception-action cycle in motor behavior. In sum, these findings corroborate the inhibition function as an integral component within a cognitive understanding of the QE phenomenon.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Movement and Exercise Science

UniBE Contributor:

Klostermann, André

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

1469-0292

Publisher:

Elsevier Science

Funders:

[42] Schweizerischer Nationalfonds

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Klostermann

Date Deposited:

16 Nov 2020 09:14

Last Modified:

22 Nov 2020 02:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101736

Related URLs:

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Motor performance Perception and action Sports Inhibition Mechanism

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147654

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147654

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