Comparison of outcomes of HCT in blast phase of BCR-ABL1- MPN with de novo AML and with AML following MDS.

Gupta, Vikas; Kim, Soyoung; Hu, Zhen-Huan; Liu, Ying; Aljurf, Mahmoud; Bacher, Vera; Beitinjaneh, Amer; Cahn, Jean-Yves; Cerny, Jan; Copelan, Edward; Gadalla, Shahinaz M; Gale, Robert Peter; Ganguly, Siddhartha; George, Biju; Gerds, Aaron T; Gergis, Usama; Hamilton, Betty K; Hashmi, Shahrukh; Hildebrandt, Gerhard C; Kamble, Rammurti T; ... (2020). Comparison of outcomes of HCT in blast phase of BCR-ABL1- MPN with de novo AML and with AML following MDS. Blood advances, 4(19), pp. 4748-4757. American Society of Hematology 10.1182/bloodadvances.2020002621

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Comparative outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for BCR-ABL1- myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) in blast phase (MPN-BP) vs de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and AML with prior myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs; post-MDS AML), are unknown. Using the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) database, we compared HCT outcomes in 177 MPN-BP patients with 4749 patients with de novo AML, and 1104 patients with post-MDS AML, using multivariate regression analysis in 2 separate comparisons. In a multivariate Cox model, no difference in overall survival (OS) or relapse was observed in patients with MPN-BP vs de novo AML with active leukemia at HCT. Patients with MPN-BP in remission had inferior OS in comparison with de novo AML in remission (hazard ratio [HR], 1.40 [95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12-1.76]) due to higher relapse rate (HR, 2.18 [95% CI, 1.69-2.80]). MPN-BP patients had inferior OS (HR, 1.19 [95% CI, 1.00-1.43]) and increased relapse (HR, 1.60 [95% CI, 1.31-1.96]) compared with post-MDS AML. Poor-risk cytogenetics were associated with increased relapse in both comparisons. Peripheral blood grafts were associated with decreased relapse in MPN-BP and post-MDS AML (HR, 0.70 [95% CI, 0.57-0.86]). Nonrelapse mortality (NRM) was similar between MPN-BP vs de novo AML, and MPN-BP vs post-MDS AML. Total-body irradiation-based myeloablative conditioning was associated with higher NRM in both comparisons. Survival of MPN-BP after HCT is inferior to de novo AML in remission and post-MDS AML due to increased relapse. Relapse-prevention strategies are required to optimize HCT outcomes in MPN-BP.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Bacher, Vera Ulrike

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2473-9529

Publisher:

American Society of Hematology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pierrette Durand Lüthi

Date Deposited:

02 Dec 2020 17:49

Last Modified:

02 Dec 2020 17:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1182/bloodadvances.2020002621

PubMed ID:

33007075

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147693

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147693

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