Evaluation of a multiple breath nitrogen washout system in children.

Isaac, Sarah M.; Jensen, Renee; Anagnostopoulou, Pinelopi; Davies, Jane C.; Gappa, Monika; Latzin, Philipp; Saunders, Clare; Short, Christopher; Singer, Florian; Stanojevic, Sanja; Zwitserloot, Annelies; Ratjen, Felix (2020). Evaluation of a multiple breath nitrogen washout system in children. Pediatric pulmonology, 55(8), pp. 2108-2114. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/ppul.24862

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INTRODUCTION

The multiple breath nitrogen washout (MBW) test offers a sensitive measure of airway function. In this study we aim to (a) assess the validity of the EasyOne Pro LAB (MBWndd ) in an in vitro lung model, (b) assess the feasibility, repeatability, and reproducibility of MBWndd and (c) compare outcomes with the Exhalyzer D (MBWEM ) and body plethysmography.

METHODS

In vitro, functional residual capacity (FRC) measurements were assessed using a lung model under quasi-physiological conditions and compared to measured FRC. In vivo plethysmography and MBW were performed in a prospective study of children at two visits (n = 45 healthy; n = 41 cystic fibrosis [CF]). Bland-Altman plots were used to compare agreement between FRC and lung clearance index (LCI) measurements.

RESULTS

In vitro FRCndd measurements were repeatable but lung volumes were underestimated (mean relative difference -5.4% (limits of agreement [LA] -9.6%; -1.1%), 95% confidence interval (CI) -6.27; -4.45). In vivo, compared to plethysmography, FRCndd was consistently lower (-19.3% [-40.5; 1.9], 95% CI [-23.9; -14.7]), and showed a volume dependency. LCIndd values were also higher in children with smaller lung volumes. The within-test coefficient of variation of the FRCndd and LCIndd were 4.9% in health, and 5.6% and 6.9% in CF respectively. LCIndd was reproducible between-visits (mean relative difference [LA] -3.7% [-14.8, -7.5; 95% CI -6.6; -0.73] in health [n = 17] and 0.34% [-13.2, 22.8; 95% CI -5.0; 5.69] in CF [n = 23]). When calculated using the same algorithm, LCIndd was similar to LCIEM in health.

CONCLUSIONS

MBWndd measurements are feasible, repeatable, and reproducible, however, MBW-derived outcomes are not interchangeable with MBWEM .

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy > Topographical and Clinical Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Paediatric Pneumology

UniBE Contributor:

Anagnostopoulou, Pinelopi; Latzin, Philipp and Singer, Florian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

8755-6863

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Romy Melanie Rodriguez Del Rio

Date Deposited:

02 Dec 2020 10:25

Last Modified:

17 Dec 2020 10:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/ppul.24862

PubMed ID:

32437013

Uncontrolled Keywords:

function pulmonary testing

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147757

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147757

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