Mouse brain proteomics establishes MDGA1 and CACHD1 as in vivo substrates of the Alzheimer protease BACE1.

Rudan Njavro, Jasenka; Klotz, Jakob; Dislich, Bastian; Wanngren, Johanna; Shmueli, Merav D; Herber, Julia; Kuhn, Peer-Hendrik; Kumar, Rohit; Koeglsperger, Thomas; Conrad, Marcus; Wurst, Wolfgang; Feederle, Regina; Vlachos, Andreas; Michalakis, Stylianos; Jedlicka, Peter; Müller, Stephan A; Lichtenthaler, Stefan F (2020). Mouse brain proteomics establishes MDGA1 and CACHD1 as in vivo substrates of the Alzheimer protease BACE1. FASEB journal, 34(2), pp. 2465-2482. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 10.1096/fj.201902347R

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The protease beta-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) has fundamental functions in the nervous system. Its inhibition is a major therapeutic approach in Alzheimer's disease, because BACE1 cleaves the amyloid precursor protein (APP), thereby catalyzing the first step in the generation of the pathogenic amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide. Yet, BACE1 cleaves numerous additional membrane proteins besides APP. Most of these substrates have been identified in vitro, but only few were further validated or characterized in vivo. To identify BACE1 substrates with in vivo relevance, we used isotope label-based quantitative proteomics of wild type and BACE1-deficient (BACE1 KO) mouse brains. This approach identified known BACE1 substrates, including Close homolog of L1 and contactin-2, which were found to be enriched in the membrane fraction of BACE1 KO brains. VWFA and cache domain-containing protein 1 (CACHD)1 and MAM domain-containing glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor protein 1 (MDGA1), which have functions in synaptic transmission, were identified and validated as new BACE1 substrates in vivo by immunoblots using primary neurons and mouse brains. Inhibition or deletion of BACE1 from primary neurons resulted in a pronounced inhibition of substrate cleavage and a concomitant increase in full-length protein levels of CACHD1 and MDGA1. The BACE1 cleavage site in both proteins was determined to be located within the juxtamembrane domain. In summary, this study identifies and validates CACHD1 and MDGA1 as novel in vivo substrates for BACE1, suggesting that cleavage of both proteins may contribute to the numerous functions of BACE1 in the nervous system.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Dislich, Bastian

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0892-6638

Publisher:

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Bastian Dislich

Date Deposited:

12 Nov 2020 11:37

Last Modified:

12 Nov 2020 11:37

Publisher DOI:

10.1096/fj.201902347R

PubMed ID:

31908000

Uncontrolled Keywords:

SILAC gamma-secretase inhibitory synapse retina secretase

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.147835

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/147835

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