Yb3+ speciation and energy-transfer dynamics in quantum-cutting Yb3+ -doped CsPbCl3 perovskite nanocrystals and single crystals

Roh, Joo Yeon D.; Smith, Matthew D.; Crane, Matthew J.; Biner, Daniel; Milstein, Tyler J.; Krämer, Karl W.; Gamelin, Daniel R. (2020). Yb3+ speciation and energy-transfer dynamics in quantum-cutting Yb3+ -doped CsPbCl3 perovskite nanocrystals and single crystals. Physical review materials, 4(10), p. 105405. American Physical Society 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.105405

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Yb3+-doped inorganic metal-halide perovskites (Yb3+ : CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br) have recently been discovered to display highly efficient quantum cutting, in which the energy from individual blue or UV photons absorbed by the material is reemitted in the form of pairs of near-infrared photons by Yb3+ dopants. Experimental photoluminescence quantum yields approaching 200% have been reported. As the first quantum-cutting materials that combine such high-photoluminescence quantum yields with strong, broadband absorption in the visible, these materials offer unique opportunities for enhancing the efficiencies of solar technologies. Little is known about the fundamental origins of this quantum cutting, however. Here, we describe variable-temperature and time-resolved photoluminescence studies of Yb3+ : CsPbCl3 in two disparate forms–colloidal nanocrystals and macroscopic single crystals. Both forms show very similar spectroscopic properties, demonstrating that quantum cutting is an intrinsic property of the Yb3+ : CsPbX3 composition itself. Diverse Yb3+ speciation is observed in both forms by low-temperature photoluminescence spectroscopy, but remarkably, quantum cutting is dominated by the same specific Yb3+ species in both cases. Time-resolved photoluminescence measurements provide direct evidence of the previously hypothesized intermediate state in the quantum-cutting mechanism. This intermediate state mediates relaxation from the photogenerated excited state of the perovskite to the emissive excited state of Yb3+, and hence is of critical mechanistic importance. At room temperature, this intermediate state is populated within a few picoseconds and has a decay time of only ∼7 ns in both nanocrystalline and single-crystal Yb3+ : CsPbCl3. The mechanistic implications of these observations are discussed. These results provide valuable information about characteristics of this unique quantum cutter that will aid its optimization and application in solar technologies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)

UniBE Contributor:

Biner, Daniel and Krämer, Karl

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

2475-9953

Publisher:

American Physical Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karl Krämer

Date Deposited:

16 Nov 2020 16:12

Last Modified:

30 Jun 2021 15:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.105405

ArXiv ID:

2010.03049

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.148071

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148071

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