Hip preservation.

Hanke, Markus S.; Schmaranzer, Florian; Steppacher, Simon D.; Lerch, Till D.; Siebenrock, Klaus A. (2020). Hip preservation. EFORT open reviews, 5(10), pp. 630-640. The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery 10.1302/2058-5241.5.190074

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Classical indications for hip preserving surgery are: femoro-acetabular impingement (FAI) (intra- and extra-articular), hip dysplasia, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, residual deformities after Perthes disease, avascular necrosis of the femoral head.Pre-operative evaluation of the pathomorphology is crucial for surgical planning including radiographs as the basic modality and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or computed tomography (CT) to evaluate further intra-articular lesions and osseous deformities.Two main mechanisms of intra-articular impingement have been described: (1) Inclusion type FAI ('cam type').(2) Impaction type FAI ('pincer type').Either arthroscopic or open treatment can be performed depending on the severity of deformity.Slipped capital femoral epiphysis often results in a cam-like deformity of the hip. In acute cases a subcapital re-alignment (modified Dunn procedure) of the femoral epiphysis is an effective therapy.Perthes disease can lead to complex femoro-acetabular deformity which predisposes to impingement with/without joint incongruency and requires a comprehensive diagnostic workup for surgical planning.Developmental dysplasia of the hip results in a static overload of the acetabular rim and early osteoarthritis. Surgical correction by means of periacetabular osteotomy offers good long-term results. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2020;5:630-640. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.5.190074.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Hanke, Markus; Schmaranzer, Florian; Steppacher, Simon Damian; Lerch, Till and Siebenrock, Klaus-Arno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2058-5241

Publisher:

The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery

Language:

English

Submitter:

Maria de Fatima Henriques Bernardo

Date Deposited:

10 Dec 2020 09:02

Last Modified:

10 Dec 2020 09:02

Publisher DOI:

10.1302/2058-5241.5.190074

PubMed ID:

33204506

Uncontrolled Keywords:

femoro-acetabular impingement hip arthroscopy hip dysplasia periacetabular osteotomy surgical hip dislocation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.148269

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148269

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