Freshwater (paleo)tsunamis – a review

Kremer, Katrina; Anselmetti, Flavio S.; Evers, Frederic M.; Goff, James; Nigg, Valentin (2020). Freshwater (paleo)tsunamis – a review. Earth-science reviews, 212, p. 103447. Elsevier 10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103447

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In freshwater systems (rivers and lakes), historical and recent tsunamis have been documented and their traces have been found in the geological record, but studies of paleotsunamis (prehistorical tsunamis) in such environ- ments are still underrepresented. This contribution reviews paleotsunami studies with a focus on the post −2011 period and uses historical events to highlight some areas of research that have received little attention. In the past decade, the number of paleotsunami studies has increased and this includes those carried out over freshwa- ter settings. However, studies of lacustrine paleotsunamis compared to studies on marine paleotsunamis are still rare and those for rivers are to our knowledge non-existent. Similarly, studies of historical tsunamis generated by meteorological disturbances have been carried out but there have been none for their paleotsunami counterpart. Thus, within this review, to cover all different aspects of tsunami generation processes in freshwater systems, we have used several historical examples, although there is a notable focus on lacustrine paleotsunamis. This review shows that future studies of freshwater paleotsunamis are necessary in order to better understand their causes, frequencies and hazard potential.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Quaternary Geology

UniBE Contributor:

Anselmetti, Flavio and Nigg, Valentin

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0012-8252

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Flavio Anselmetti

Date Deposited:

30 Nov 2020 09:30

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2020 02:57

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103447

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.148501

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148501

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