Effect of titanium tetrafluoride/sodium fluoride solutions containing chitosan at different viscosities on the protection of enamel erosion in vitro.

de Souza, Beatriz Martines; Santi, Larissa Rodrigues Pereira; João-Souza, Samira Helena; Saads Carvalho, Thiago; Magalhães, Ana Carolina (2020). Effect of titanium tetrafluoride/sodium fluoride solutions containing chitosan at different viscosities on the protection of enamel erosion in vitro. Archives of oral biology, 120(104921), p. 104921. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2020.104921

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OBJECTIVE

The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the protective effect against enamel erosion of experimental solutions containing TiF4/NaF and Chitosan compared to a commercial SnCl2/NaF/AmF solution.

DESIGN

Bovine enamel samples were divided (n = 15/group) into: (1) commercial solution SnCl2/NaF/AmF (500 ppm F-, positive control); (2) NaF/TiF4 (490 ppm F-); (3) similar to 2 plus 0.5 % chitosan (Ch) (500 mPas), (4) similar to 2 plus 0.5 % chitosan (2000 mPas), (5) negative control (water), (6) 0.5 % chitosan (500 mPas) and (7) 0.5 % chitosan (2000 mPas). The samples were submitted to a pH cycling (0.1 % citric acid, 4 × 90 s/day, interposed by artificial saliva) and daily treatment application (after the last erosive challenge, 1 × 30 s/day) for seven days. After the first day, the surface reflection intensity changes (% rSRI) were measured. After 7 days, the erosive enamel loss was quantified by contact profilometer. The % rSRI and the enamel loss (μm) were compared using ANOVA/Tukey and Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn, respectively (p < 0.05).

RESULTS

The solution containing TiF4/NaF plus Ch 500 mPas was the only able to reduce the early erosive demineralization compared to negative control (p = 0.003). However, it did not differ from the other solutions. Enamel samples treated with SnCl2/NaF/AmF presented the lowest median loss value [0.72 (0.18) μm] followed by both TiF4 + Ch [1.24 (0.49) and 1.28 (0.25)]; which significantly differed from the negative control [1.70 (0.27)].

CONCLUSION

The experimental solution containing TiF4/NaF plus chitosan (2000 mPas) has comparable effect to SnCl2/NaF/AmF on the protection against enamel erosion.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Niemeyer, Samira Helena and Saads Carvalho, Thiago

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0003-9969

Publisher:

Elsevier Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daniela Zesiger

Date Deposited:

22 Dec 2020 12:07

Last Modified:

27 Dec 2020 02:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.archoralbio.2020.104921

PubMed ID:

33045615

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Chitosan Enamel Erosive tooth wear Fluoride Titanium

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.148640

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148640

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