Efficacy of laser monotherapy or non-surgical mechanical instrumentation in the management of untreated periodontitis patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Lin, Zhikai; Strauss, Franz J.; Lang, Niklaus P.; Sculean, Anton; Salvi, Giovanni E.; Stähli, Alexandra (2021). Efficacy of laser monotherapy or non-surgical mechanical instrumentation in the management of untreated periodontitis patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical oral investigations, 25(2), pp. 375-391. Springer 10.1007/s00784-020-03584-y

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OBJECTIVE

To evaluate and compare the effects of laser monotherapy with non-surgical mechanical instrumentation alone in untreated periodontitis patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A focused question was formulated based on the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, and Study design criteria (PICOS): in patients with untreated periodontitis, does laser mono-therapy provide adjunctive effects on pocket probing depth (PPD) changes compared with non-surgical instrumentation alone? Both randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) were included. The results of the meta-analyses are expressed as weighted mean differences (WMD) and reported according to the PRISMA guidelines.

RESULTS

The search yielded 1268 records, out of which 8 articles could be included. With respect to PPD changes, a meta-analysis including 5 articles (n = 148) failed to identify statistically significant differences in favor of laser monotherapy for PPD change (WMD = 0.14 mm; 95% CI: - 0.04/0.32; z = 1.51; p = 0.132) nor for clinical attachment level (CAL) (WMD = 0.04 mm; 95% CI: - 0.35/0.42; z = 0.19; p = 0.850). Data on cost-effectiveness are lacking. One study reported patient-related outcome measures (PROMS).

CONCLUSIONS

In untreated periodontitis patients, laser monotherapy does not yield superior clinical benefits compared with non-surgical mechanical instrumentation alone.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

In untreated periodontitis patients, mechanical instrumentation with hand and/or ultrasonic instruments remains the standard of care.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Lin, Zhikai; Lang, Niklaus Peter; Sculean, Anton; Salvi, Giovanni Edoardo and Stähli, Alexandra Beatrice

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1436-3771

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

01 Dec 2020 10:23

Last Modified:

19 Mar 2021 18:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-020-03584-y

PubMed ID:

33170372

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Laser Laser monotherapy Monotherapy Non-surgical periodontal treatment Periodontitis Systematic review

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.148678

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148678

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