Long-term results after treatment of multiple adjacent gingival recessions with the modified coronally advanced tunnel and a porcine acellular dermal matrix.

Cosgarea, Raluca; Miron, Rick; Bora, Raluca; Rosu, Alexandra; Buduru, Smaranda; Sculean, Anton (2021). Long-term results after treatment of multiple adjacent gingival recessions with the modified coronally advanced tunnel and a porcine acellular dermal matrix. Quintessence international, 52(1), pp. 32-44. Quintessenz Verlags-GmbH 10.3290/j.qi.a45171

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OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the long-term clinical results after treatment of multiple adjacent recession type (RT) I and II gingival recessions treated with the modified coronally advanced tunnel (MCAT) in conjunction with a porcine acellular dermal matrix (PADM).

METHOD AND MATERIALS

Nine periodontally healthy nonsmoking patients (seven women, 37.5 ± 7.36 years old) with a total of 41 adjacent RT I (n = 23) and RT II (n = 18) gingival recessions exhibiting a minimum depth of 2 mm were treated by means of MCAT+PADM. Recession depth and width, width of attached and keratinized tissue, probing depths, and clinical attachment level were measured at baseline and at 1 and 4 years postsurgically. The primary outcome variable was complete root coverage (ie 100% root coverage), while secondary outcomes were mean root coverage and increase in keratinized tissue and attached gingiva widths.

RESULTS

At 1 and 4 years, statistically highly significant (P < .001) root coverage was obtained in all nine patients compared to baseline. Mean root coverage decreased in these nine patients from 72.05 ± 30.18% at 1 year to 56.79 ± 27.53% at 4 years. Complete root coverage was obtained in 18 gingival recessions at 1 year (baseline RT: 12 RT I, 6 RT II) and in seven gingival recessions (5 RT I, 2 RT II) at 4 years. Most root coverage occurred in the first year postsurgically, showing a statistically significant decrease between the first and fourth year (P = .003). Mean width of attached gingiva increased statistically significantly (P < .05) from 2.85 ± 1.08 mm to 3.14 ± 1.08 mm at 1 year with a statistically significant decrease at 4 years. At 1 year, 78.05% of gingival recessions showed a root coverage > 50%, and 68.29% still exhibited a root coverage > 50% at 4 years.

CONCLUSION

The use of MCAT+PADM represents a valuable treatment option for multiple adjacent maxillary and mandibular RT I and II gingival recessions on a long-term basis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Sculean, Anton

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0033-6572

Publisher:

Quintessenz Verlags-GmbH

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

29 Dec 2020 11:41

Last Modified:

13 Jan 2021 01:33

Publisher DOI:

10.3290/j.qi.a45171

PubMed ID:

32901241

Uncontrolled Keywords:

clinical study coronally advanced tunnel gingival recession porcine acellular dermal matrix root coverage

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/148718

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148718

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