Vascular survey of the maxillary vestibule and gingiva-clinical impact on incision and flap design in periodontal and implant surgeries.

Shahbazi, Arvin; Feigl, Georg; Sculean, Anton; Grimm, András; Palkovics, Dániel; Molnár, Bálint; Windisch, Péter (2021). Vascular survey of the maxillary vestibule and gingiva-clinical impact on incision and flap design in periodontal and implant surgeries. Clinical oral investigations, 25(2), pp. 539-546. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00784-020-03419-w

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OBJECTIVES

Currently, empirical clinical findings on the blood supply of the maxillary vestibule are not backed up with sufficient literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mucosal and periosteal vascular supply in the maxillary vestibule macroscopically and radiographically to improve surgical strategies and flap designs.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Thirty head corpses were selected (9 dentate, 11 partially edentulous, 10 edentulous). Twenty-six corpses were injected by red latex milk and embalmed with Thiel solution. Four cadavers were prepared for corrosion casting. Arterial path and anastomoses in the maxillary vestibule of dentate, partially edentulous and edentulous ridges, were analyzed macroscopically and by computed tomography (CT).

RESULTS

Transverse periosteomucosal anastomoses were detected in the posterior and esthetic zones of the maxillary vestibule. The buccal branches penetrated the interdental septum toward the palate. In the esthetic zone, superior labial artery (SLA) supplied the mucosa and the infraorbital artery (IOA) supplied the periosteum. Corrosion casting showed anastomoses between IOA and nasal septal branches. CT analysis revealed ipsilateral and contralateral anastomoses between SLA and IOA. In dentate ridges, mucosal star-shaped terminal branches were detected.

CONCLUSIONS

The macroscopic and radiographic vascular survey analysis revealed the anatomical background behind several clinically documented phenomena related to oral and periodontal surgeries.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

This study permits clinicians to design less invasive flaps when releasing incisions in the maxillary vestibule during periodontal and implant surgeries. Our observations strongly point to the significance of an undamaged periosteum to prevent compromised flap revascularization and wound healing disturbances.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Sculean, Anton

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

21 Dec 2020 09:23

Last Modified:

13 Mar 2021 11:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-020-03419-w

PubMed ID:

32638127

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Angiogenesis Dental implant Incision design Split thickness flap Wound healing

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.148722

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148722

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