Impact of risk factor control interventions for smoking cessation and promotion of healthy lifestyles in patients with periodontitis: A systematic review.

Ramseier, Christoph A.; Woelber, Johan P; Kitzmann, Julia; Detzen, Laurent; Carra, Maria Clotilde; Bouchard, Philippe (2020). Impact of risk factor control interventions for smoking cessation and promotion of healthy lifestyles in patients with periodontitis: A systematic review. Journal of clinical periodontology, 47 Suppl 22, pp. 90-106. Wiley 10.1111/jcpe.13240

[img] Text
jcpe.13240.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (493kB) | Request a copy

AIM

The aim of this systematic review was to identify the most recent widely accepted guidelines for risk factor control interventions and to assess their impact in patients with periodontitis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The electronic search strategy included a first systematic search to identify guidelines for interventions for smoking cessation, diabetes control, physical exercise (activity), change of diet, carbohydrate (dietary sugar) reduction and weight loss in the general population and a second systematic search to identify the studies evaluating these interventions in periodontitis patients.

RESULTS

A total of 13 guidelines and 25 studies were selected. Most guidelines included recommendations for all healthcare providers to provide interventions and follow-up counselling with the risk factors considered in the present review. In patients with periodontitis, interventions for smoking cessation and diabetes control were shown to improve periodontal health while the impact of dietary interventions and the promotion of other healthy lifestyles were moderate or limited.

CONCLUSIONS

While aiming to improve treatment outcomes and the maintenance of periodontal health, current evidence suggests that interventions for smoking cessation and diabetes control are effective, thus emphasizing the need of behavioural support in periodontal care.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Ramseier, Christoph Andreas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0303-6979

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

21 Dec 2020 14:26

Last Modified:

21 Dec 2020 14:26

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jcpe.13240

PubMed ID:

31912512

Uncontrolled Keywords:

change of diet periodontitis risk factors smoking cessation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.148739

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148739

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback