Controlled release minocycline-lipid-complex extrudates for the therapy of periodontitis with enhanced flexibility.

Kirchberg, Martin; Eick, Sigrun; Buchholz, Mirko; Rosche, Fred; Kiesow, Andreas; Sarembe, Sandra; Mäder, Karsten (2020). Controlled release minocycline-lipid-complex extrudates for the therapy of periodontitis with enhanced flexibility. International journal of pharmaceutics, 586, p. 119578. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.119578

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We describe the development of flexible minocycline-lipid-complex extrudates with optimized mechanical and drug release properties. These extrudates contain a minocycline - magnesium stearate chelate complex with a higher stability in aqueous media, which has now been incorporated in a PEG-PLGA (polyethylene glycol - poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)) matrix. PEG 1500 has been utilized in different concentrations to serve as plasticizer. The novel formulations have been characterized by texture analysis, X-Ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Extrudates with a reduced diameter of 300 µm (previously 600 µm) were introduced, and a more sensitive quantification method with a tandem-mass spectrometry detector was developed. From all tested formulations, the extrudates consisting of Expansorb DLG 50 - 6P (PEG-PLGA, molar weight 30-60 kDa) paired with 10% PEG 1500 emerged as best formulation. These extrudates feature a drug content of 11.5% and a controlled release over at least 42 days. The release profile is without a lag time and shows initially a slightly higher release rate, which is desired. Compared to previous developments, the extrudates now offer a high flexibility combined with a large mechanical resilience, which will ease the handling and administration.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Eick, Sigrun

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0378-5173

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

21 Dec 2020 11:45

Last Modified:

27 Dec 2020 02:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.119578

PubMed ID:

32615242

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Complex Controlled Release Extrusion Minocycline PEG-PLGA Periodontitis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.148764

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148764

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