Dosimetric analysis of local failures in skull-base chordoma and chondrosarcoma following pencil beam scanning proton therapy

Basler, Lucas; Poel, Robert; Schröder, Christina; Bolsi, Alessandra; Lomax, Antony; Tanadini-Lang, Stephanie; Guckenberger, Matthias; Weber, Damien C. (2020). Dosimetric analysis of local failures in skull-base chordoma and chondrosarcoma following pencil beam scanning proton therapy. Radiation oncology, 15(1), p. 266. BioMed Central 10.1186/s13014-020-01711-3

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Background: Despite combined modality treatment involving surgery and radiotherapy, a relevant proportion of skull-base chordoma and chondrosarcoma patients develop a local recurrence (LR). This study aims to analyze patterns of recurrence and correlate LR with a detailed dosimetric analysis.

Methods: 222 patients were treated with proton radiotherapy for chordoma (n = 151) and chondrosarcoma (n = 71) at the PSI between 1998 and 2012. All patients underwent surgery, followed by pencil-beam scanning proton therapy to a mean dose of 72.5 ± 2.2GyRBE. A retrospective patterns of recurrence analysis was performed: LR were contoured on follow-up MRI, registered with planning-imaging and the overlap with initial target structures (GTV, PTVhigh-dose, PTVlow-dose) was calculated. DVH parameters of planning structures and recurrences were calculated and correlated with LR using univariate and multivariate cox regression.

Results: After a median follow-up of 50 months, 35 (16%) LR were observed. Follow-up MRI imaging was available for 27 (77%) of these recurring patients. Only one (3.7%) recurrence was located completely outside the initial PTV (surgical pathway recurrence). The mean proportions of LR covered by the initial target structures were 48% (range 0-86%) for the GTV, 70% (range 0-100%) for PTVhigh and 83% (range 0-100%) for PTVlow. In the univariate analysis, the following DVH parameters were significantly associated with LR: GTV(V < 66GyRBE, p = 0.01), GTV(volume, p = 0.02), PTVhigh(max, p = 0.02), PTVhigh(V < 66GyRBE, p = 0.03), PTVhigh(V < 59GyRBE, p = 0.02), PTVhigh(volume, p = 0.01) and GTV(D95, p = 0.05). In the multivariate analysis, only histology (chordoma vs. chondrosarcoma, p = 0.01), PTVhigh(volume, p = 0.05) and GTV(V < 66GyRBE, p = 0.02) were independent prognostic factors for LR.

Conclusion: This study identified DVH parameters, which are associated with the risk of local recurrence after proton therapy using pencil-beam scanning for patients with skull-base chordoma and chondrosarcoma.

Keywords: Chondrosarcoma; Chordoma; Dosimetric analysis; Patterns of recurrence; Pencil beam scanning proton therapy; Proton therapy; Skull-base.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Weber, Damien Charles


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




BioMed Central




Beatrice Scheidegger

Date Deposited:

23 Dec 2020 12:14

Last Modified:

27 Dec 2020 02:50

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





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