Health-related quality of life after paediatric supracondylar humeral fractures.

Liebs, Thoralf R.; Burgard, Marie; Kaiser, Nadine; Slongo, Theddy; Berger, Steffen; Ryser, Basil; Ziebarth, Kai (2020). Health-related quality of life after paediatric supracondylar humeral fractures. The Bone & Joint Journal, 102-B(6), pp. 755-765. British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery 10.1302/0301-620X.102B6.BJJ-2019-1391.R2

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We aimed to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with supracondylar humeral fractures (SCHFs), who were treated following the recommendations of the Paediatric Comprehensive AO Classification, and to assess if HRQoL was associated with AO fracture classification, or fixation with a lateral external fixator compared with closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP).


We were able to follow-up on 775 patients (395 girls, 380 boys) who sustained a SCHF from 2004 to 2017. Patients completed questionnaires including the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (QuickDASH; primary outcome), and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL).


An AO type I SCHF was most frequent (327 children; type II: 143; type III: 150; type IV: 155 children). All children with type I fractures were treated nonoperatively. Two children with a type II fracture, 136 with a type III fracture, and 141 children with a type IV fracture underwent CRPP. In the remaining 27 children with type III or IV fractures, a lateral external fixator was necessary for closed reduction. There were no open reductions. After a mean follow-up of 6.3 years (SD 3.7), patients with a type I fracture had a mean QuickDASH of 2.0 (SD 5.2), at a scale of 0 to 100, with lower values representing better HRQoL (type II: 2.8 (SD 10.7); type III: 3.3 (SD 8.0); type IV: 1.8 (SD 4.6)). The mean function score of the PedsQL ranged from 97.4 (SD 8.0) for type I to 96.1 (SD 9.1) for type III fractures, at a scale of 0 to 100, with higher values representing better HRQoL.


In this cohort of 775 patients in whom nonoperative treatment was chosen for AO type I and II fractures and CRPP or a lateral external fixator was used in AO type III and IV fractures, there was equally excellent mid- and long-term HRQoL when assessed by the QuickDASH and PedsQL. These results indicate that the treatment protocol followed in this study is unambiguous, avoids open reductions, and is associated with excellent treatment outcomes. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(6):755-765.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Liebs, Thoralf Randolph, Burgard, Marie, Kaiser, Nadine, Slongo, Theddy, Berger, Steffen Michael, Ziebarth, Kai


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery




Kathrin Aeschlimann

Date Deposited:

28 Dec 2020 15:53

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:42

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Closed reduction External fixator Paediatric PedsQL Percutaneus pinning QuickDASH Radiological classification Supracondylar humerus fracture Surgery Traumatology




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