Endotoxinemia Accelerates Atherosclerosis via Electrostatic Charge-Mediated Monocyte Adhesion.

Schumski, Ariane; Ortega-Gómez, Almudena; Wichapong, Kanin; Winter, Carla; Lemnitzer, Patricia; Viola, Joana R; Pinilla-Vera, Mayra; Folco, Eduardo; Solis-Mezarino, Victor; Völker-Albert, Moritz; Maas, Sanne L; Pan, Chang; Perez Olivares, Laura; Winter, Janine; Hackeng, Tilman; Karlsson, Mikael C I; Zeller, Tanja; Imhof, Axel; Baron, Rebecca M; Nicolaes, Gerry A F; ... (2021). Endotoxinemia Accelerates Atherosclerosis via Electrostatic Charge-Mediated Monocyte Adhesion. Circulation, 143(3), pp. 254-266. American Heart Association 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.120.046677

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Background: Acute infection is a well-established risk factor of cardiovascular inflammation increasing the risk for a cardiovascular complication within the first weeks after infection. However, the nature of the processes underlying such aggravation remains unclear. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from Gram-negative bacteria is a potent activator of circulating immune cells including neutrophils, which foster inflammation through discharge of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). Here we utilize a model of endotoxinemia to link acute infection and subsequent neutrophil activation with acceleration of vascular inflammation. Methods: Acute infection was mimicked by injection of a single dose of LPS into hypercholesterolemic mice. Atherosclerosis burden was studied by histomorphometric analysis of the aortic root. Arterial myeloid cell adhesion was quantified by intravital microscopy. Results: LPS treatment rapidly enhanced atherosclerotic lesion size by expansion of the lesional myeloid cell accumulation. LPS treatment led to the deposition of NETs along the arterial lumen and inhibition of NET release annulled lesion expansion during endotoxinemia, thus suggesting that NETs regulate myeloid cell recruitment. To study the mechanism of monocyte adhesion to NETs, we employed in vitro adhesion assays and biophysical approaches. In these experiments, NET-resident histone H2a attracted monocytes in a receptor-independent, surface charge-dependent fashion. Therapeutic neutralization of histone H2a by antibodies or by in silico designed cyclical peptides enables us to reduce luminal monocyte adhesion and lesion expansion during endotoxinemia. Conclusions: Our study shows, that NET-associated histone H2a mediates charge-dependent monocyte adhesion to NETs and accelerates atherosclerosis during endotoxinemia.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Angiology

UniBE Contributor:

Döring, Yvonne


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




American Heart Association




Györgyi Veronika Hamvas

Date Deposited:

07 Dec 2020 15:53

Last Modified:

11 May 2021 02:30

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

endotoxinemia histone neutrophil neutrophil extracellular trap sepsis





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