Novel FGFR4-Targeting Single-Domain Antibodies for Multiple Targeted Therapies against Rhabdomyosarcoma

Alijaj, Nagjie; Moutel, Sandrine; Gouveia, Zelia L; Gray, Maxim; Roveri, Maurizio; Dzhumashev, Dzhangar; Weber, Florian; Meier, Gianmarco; Luciani, Paola; Rössler, Jochen K.; Schäfer, Beat W; Perez, Franck; Bernasconi, Michele (2020). Novel FGFR4-Targeting Single-Domain Antibodies for Multiple Targeted Therapies against Rhabdomyosarcoma. Cancers, 12(11) MDPI AG 10.3390/cancers12113313

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The fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) is overexpressed in rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) and represents a promising target for treatments based on specific and efficient antibodies. Despite progress, there is an urgent need for targeted treatment options to improve survival rates, and to limit long-term side effects. From phage display libraries we selected FGFR4-specific single-domain antibodies (sdAb) binding to recombinant FGFR4 and validated them by flow cytometry, surface plasmon resonance, and fluorescence microscopy. The specificity of the selected sdAb was verified on FGFR4-wild type and FGFR4-knock out cells. FGFR4-sdAb were used to decorate vincristine-loaded liposomes and to generate chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells. First, incubation of RMS cells with FGFR4-sdAb revealed that FGFR4-sdAb can block FGF19-FGFR4 signaling via the MAPK pathway and could therefore serve as therapeutics for FGFR4-dependent cancers. Second, FGFR4-targeted vincristine-loaded liposomes bound specifically to RMS cells and were internalized by the receptor, demonstrating the potential for active drug delivery to the tumor. Third, FGFR4-CAR T cells, generated with one sdAb candidate, demonstrated strong and specific cytotoxicity against FGFR4 expressing RMS cells. We selected novel FGFR4-sdAb with high specificity and nano- to picomolar affinities for FGFR4 which have the potential to enable multiple FGFR4-targeted cancer therapy approaches.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Paediatric Haematology/Oncology
08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hämatologie / Onkologie (Pädiatrie)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hämatologie / Onkologie (Pädiatrie)

UniBE Contributor:

Alijaj, Nagjie Laila; Dzhumashev, Dzhangar; Weber, Florian; Luciani, Paola; Rössler, Jochen Karl and Bernasconi, Michele

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health > 615 Pharmacology & therapeutics, prescription drugs

ISSN:

2072-6694

Publisher:

MDPI AG

Language:

English

Submitter:

Paola Luciani

Date Deposited:

17 Dec 2020 15:35

Last Modified:

17 Dec 2020 15:35

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/cancers12113313

PubMed ID:

33182650

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.149127

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/149127

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